It seems impossible that someone might think a bear is a member of the sloth family, but that's what happened with the sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), a smallish bear and native of India. The sloth bear is the first insectivorous bear on our list, specializing in termites, though it also adores honeycomb and a few kinds of fruits (mango, jackfruit, wood apple). They have very thick fur, despite being tropical animals, and have specializations for eating insects (a hard palate for crushing them, strong claws for digging, that kind of thing). They also have long floppy ears. Not sure why, but they are very cute ears. The sloth bear has a curious relationship with other animals, including humans. It's preyed upon by tigers, sometimes, although tigers typically won't mess with a sloth bear unless it can pounce without the bear realizing. It gets along fine with other bears--its range overlaps with the Asian black bear--but, for some reason, it is despised by elephants and rhinoceroses, which will charge sloth bears on sight. Nobody knows why. Sloth bears, being adorable shaggy creatures, were sometimes kept as pets by British military and also as trained "dancing bears" on the street in India. Yet in the wild, sloth bears are highly aggressive; they'll attack humans without any real provocation, though they typically don't hunt or eat them. Oh, and remember Baloo, from The Jungle Book? Baloo's a sloth bear.