The team performed the experiment in the Gurbantonggut Desert hinterlands of Eurasia. Back in 1990, a certain tract of land has been designated as the target for conversion. Using a combination of irrigation and fertilizer, they began to plant winter wheat and continued to do so for 20 years. In 2011, the soil from this region as well as a sample from the untreated desert region was collected. The group took the samples back to the lab and observed whether there was any change in biodiversity.