So here comes the eternal warning: we still need more studies to get to the truth. Findings so far have been mixed, and a single paper isn't prompting any experts to change their recommendations. Remember, about 40 percent of the population in the Americas, Europe, and Southeast Asia has some risk of developing celiac, genetically speaking. No one is saying all those people should stop giving their kids gluten. There are still a number of other factors that go into a person's celiac risk, and cutting gluten out of a young child's diet can leave them low on crucial nutrients. But if your family has a history of celiac, keep your eye on this space—we're learning more about the disease all the time, and new research could provide potential preventative measures.