Since then, researchers have been on the hunt to find novel molecules, similar to penicillin, to treat the various bacteria and fungi that infect us. And, from the beginning, it's been a race against time. Bacteria evolve quickly, and while our goal is to annihilate all of them, their goal is precisely the opposite: To survive at all costs. Research shows that in this tug-of-war effort, humans are being gradually dragged closer and closer to a bacterial victory. In May 2016 the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, a research group funded by the UK Department of Health, estimated that 700,000 people die each year from antibiotic resistant infections (these are bacteria that no currently available antibiotics are able to kill). By 2050, an estimated 10 million people could die from this resistance if researchers don't find a way to keep up with ever-evolving bacteria.