"There's new evidence in the last five years that the HPV-alone option is very effective," says Doug Owens, a vice-chairperson for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) who worked closely on these recommendations. He notes that all three methods—HPV only, Pap smear only, and a combination of the two—are highly effective at catching cancer, so it's not so much a question of what's best as it is what's best for you. The only advice that holds true for anyone in possession of a cervix? Get some kind of test. "The most important message is that screening prevents deaths from cervical cancer," he says. "You can identify it when it's still treatable, so it's very important to be screened."