“We believe in citing everything,” Sievenpiper says. That’s why the conflict-of-interest disclosures are so long. However, there’s also the fact that the analysis draws from 32 other studies, which each have their own disclosures to make. “Certainly a number of studies would have conflicts of interest,” Sievenpiper says, “which is to say they would have been funded by industry. Most, as I recall, were funded by a combination of agency and industry.” That’s fairly typical in the food world these days, he says.