The strong mandibles on bull ants (also called bulldog ants) aren't just for show. They use it to hunt other insects to feed to their young, or use it to grab onto a threat and deliver incredibly powerful stings. Considered the most dangerous ant in the world, bull ants are incredibly aggressive, but adult bull ants tend to just eat nectar and plants for themselves. Matt Inman/Wikimedia Commons CC By SA 3.0
Today, researchers published a study in the journal Palaeontology that they had discovered the structure of the microscopic teeth of an animal that lived 500 million years ago. This wouldn’t ordinarily be news outside the paleontology* community, except that the animal is a type of penis worm, named (duh) for their uncanny resemblance to a certain part of the male anatomy. But wait! There’s more.
The shape of the ancient worm might provoke a few giggles, but the carnivore’s mouth is something out of a nightmare. According to the press release that accompanied the paper, the worm “could turn its mouth inside out to reveal a tooth-lined throat that looked like a cheese grater.” You can see an animated version of this horror show thanks to the Royal Ontario Museum. In addition to being used for eating, the worm’s teeth were also a way for it to get around. The weird animal was capable of digging the teeth into something and pulling the rest of its body to meet it.
Which is all awesome, but the thing that grabbed our attention was the mouth. Nature comes up with some really strange things. Check out Ottoia’s teeth and some of the weirdest mouths in the world in our gallery above.
*Americans don’t add an extra ‘a’ to the word. British people do. Despite this massive cultural gap, let’s all agree to get along.