Just before 11 p.m. Eastern Time last night, three members of the International Space Station's Expedition 36 returned to solid ground. NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, along with Russian Federal Space Agency cosmonauts Pavel Vinogradov and Alexander Misurkin touched down in their Soyuz TMA-08M spacecraft in a remote stretch of central Kazakhstan near the town of Zhezkazgan.
Over the course of their 166 days in space, they orbited Earth 2,656 times and traveled more than 70 million miles. And then wafted gently back to the surface with the assistance of this giant hot-air-balloon-looking contraption. And by "gently" I mean "led by a great ball of fire."*
*That ball of fire is probably the result of retrorockets, which help with deceleration, not the friction of re-entry, as previously asserted. Thanks to self-professed aviator and Super Genius @HalBryan for pointing out the error.
What is this article talking about?
It's a parachute and landing rockets.
I did a google search for
" A Flaming Soyuz Spacecraft Carries Three Astronauts Home " and came back with 10 plus internet sites posting the same article....
I do enjoy the dramatic flaming photo landing!
If you click on those articles they are copy/paste jobs of this junk. NASA's photo is cool, the write up is nonsensical garbage.
Shaunacy Ferro blogs for Popular Science and doesn't even know what a parachute is? How pathetic.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slow the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes are the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one follows immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slows the rate of descent from 755 feet per second to 262 feet per second.
The main parachute is the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet. Its harnesses shift the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shift it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
-- Landing engines
The main chute slows the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fire, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.
ONE SECOND BEFORE TOUCHDOWN, TWO SETS OF THRREE SMALL ENGINES ON THE BOTTOM OF THE VEHCICLE FIRE!
Wow, What a informative write-up. I mean with the use such terms as "giant hot-air-balloon-looking contraption", how could anyone not understand whats happening in the picture much less what actually happened and why.
Popsci, Fire this guy.
Starz, thanks for clearing it up.
LOL @ all the critics....
I suggested an article subject to PopSci once awhile back, and the guy who replied to my email thought the information presented would be a good fit on PopSci... then he suggested that I write it and submit it.
So, all you folks out there who do little other than complain about anything and everything, write your own damned articles and submit them!!
Stop complaining, and do something to fix what you find so 'wrong'...
Is there $$$? I would so freelance POPSCI for moolah.
For so many people, just a short stretch of time is necessary to completely blank knowledge of an incident out of their minds. But, then, so many have so little understanding of the world around them that they cannot recognize when they are being lied to. Those who claim even to be “science” devotees, faced with something that goes against the rules of “science”, still believe it if they are told to by New World Order forces.
This claimed “photo” of a “landing” of “crew” from the “International Space Station” can bring to mind a number of other landings. Such as that of the Genesis capsule. In 2001, Genesis was launched to orbit the sun and collect interplanetary matte and particles of the solar wind. In 2004, it returned, but its chutes never deployed. Traveling at terminal velocity, which is slightly below the speed of sound, the capsule crash landed in Utah. Photographs of the scene, though, showed no signs of a crash. The capsule was sitting, half buried in the soil. Its shell was cracked, but there was no wholesale destruction. Nothing was even spilled from the inside. A solid object could break to pieces on impact, but this only broke along its seams. There wasn't even an impact crater! Someone dug a hole in the soil, put the cracked body of what was supposed to be the capsule in, then the NWO instructed the gullible to believe it was the result of the probe smashing into the earth at hundreds of miles an hour.
The answer to your question is that some body else is running the government besides the government!!!
NSA has an annual budget of 20 billion dollars. Our US government is about to shut down, can't make governmental decisions, can't balance a budget, has a wild out of control debt problem and yet despite this annual increase for money has been funded to NSA with an 52 billion dollars for their annual budget!!!!!!!
I do not know who is driving the car for the USA government, but its not our elected officials.
By the way, social security will go bust\broke by 2033.
Why not put 52 billion dollars toward S.S.. You know support
US citizens, rather than fund a spying program on them.
NSA Illegally Gorged on U.S. Phone Records for Three Years
What happens when a secret U.S. court allows the National Security Agency access to a massive pipeline of U.S. phone call metadata, along with strict rules on how the spy agency can use the information?
The NSA promptly violated those rules — “since the earliest days” of the program’s 2006 inception — carrying out thousands of inquiries on phone numbers without any of the court-ordered screening designed to protect Americans from illegal government surveillance.
The violations continued for three years, until they were uncovered by an internal review, and the NSA found itself fighting to keep the spy program alive.
That’s the lesson from hundreds of pages of formerly top secret documents from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, released today by the Obama administration in response to a successful Freedom of Information Act lawsuit brought by the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
“Incredibly, intelligence officials said today that no one at the NSA fully understood how its own surveillance system worked at the time so they could not adequately explain it to the court,” says EFF activist Trevor Timm. “This is a breathtaking admission — the NSA’s surveillance apparatus, for years, was so complex and compartmentalized that no single person could comprehend it.”
Intelligence Director James Clapper, in a blog post today, blamed the unlawful spying in part on “the complexity of the technology employed in connection with the bulk telephony metadata collection program,” and said it was not done deliberately.
But the secret surveillance court, set up in 1978 to oversee intelligence-gathering activities, didn’t see it that way. In 2009, in response to the government telling the court that it was searching call records without “reasonable articulable suspicion” or RAS, the court said the government’s explanation “strains credulity.”
The documents — legal opinions, government briefs and internal audits declassified today — chronicle a series of missteps within the NSA after the intelligence court began approving requests for bulk telephone company metadata under the Patriot Act in 2006.
Section 215 of the Patriot Act authorizes broad warrants for most any type of “tangible” records, including those held by banks, doctors and phone companies. In today’s declassified opinions, the FISA court refers to the records as “BR” for business records.
Since 2006, the FISA court has been authorizing the NSA to collect from telecommunications providers the business records that contain information about communications between two telephone numbers, such as the date, time, and duration of a call. There is no collection of content of any telephone call under this program.
In the most serious incident uncovered today, the NSA set up an automated system to add phone numbers to its data-mining watchlist. That system, called the “alert list process,” completely bypassed the court-ordered review process, in which NSA personnel were supposed to ensure that nobody was monitored without “reasonable articulable suspicion” that they were tied to a foreign terrorist group or intelligence agency.
Between 2006 and 2009 some 17,835 phone numbers were queried, but only 1,935 of these were based on a RAS standard, as required by the court’s order.
“Thus, since the earliest days of the FISC-authorized collection of call-detail records by the NSA, the NSA has on a daily basis, accessed BR metadata for purposes of comparing thousands of non-RAS approved telephone identifiers on its alert list against the BR metadata in order to identify any matches,” according to a March 2009 declassified FISA court opinion.
In addition to the alert list gaffe, individual analysis were found to be running searches on phone numbers not cleared by the RAS process.
When it learned of the violations, the intelligence court considered ending the program. But the government changed its processes, and persuaded the court to allow the collection to continue. The FISA court hears arguments only from government lawyers — so there is nobody arguing the other side......
.......Meanwhile, one function of the court is to ensure the NSA’s activities target communications of those “reasonably believed to be located outside the United States.” The surveillance must also be designed to “prevent the intentional acquisition of any communication as to which the sender and all intended recipients are known at the time of the acquisition to be located in the United States.”
Clearly, that has not always been the case. In a FISA court opinion the government declassified last month, the court said the NSA misrepresented the reach of its “upstream” internet surveillance, where it has tapped into the internet’s backbone.
“Indeed, the record before this court establishes that NSA’s acquisition of Internet transactions likely results in NSA acquiring annually tens of thousands of wholly domestic communications, and tens of thousands of non-target communications of persons who have little or no relationship to the target but who are protected under the Fourth Amendment,” according to the 2011 opinion...... "