America hated the idea of being in second place. The Soviet Union launched its Sputnik satellite into orbit in 1957. To catch up, in 1958 President Eisenhower created the Advanced Projects Research Agency, ARPA. (The D for Defense was tacked on in 1973). Since then, DARPA-funded research has been part of an unprecedented era of technological dominance, from stealth technology to the internet. Now, it seems, China wants to gain a similar technological edge. And to do that, the country is creating its own DARPA.