PopSci's 10th Annual Brilliant 10

Our yearly list of young geniuses shaking up science includes scientists making new forms of geometry, better HIV drugs, studying sun plasma, butterfly pharmacology and more.

Checkmate
Jaap de Roode studies how monarch butterflies use plant-based medicine to thwart parasites.John B. Carnett

For a decade now, the editors of Popular Science have been seeking out promising young researchers at labs across the nation, and for a decade we've been dazzled by the intelligence and creativity of the people we've discovered. This year's honorees, like the 90 others before them, represent the best of what science can achieve. Some are looking for specific solutions to daunting social problems, such as how to manufacture more-effective drugs or cheaply diagnose diseases in developing nations. Others are engaged in more-speculative work—studying solar plasma, inventing a new kind of geometry. All of them are brilliant, and all of them, perhaps most amazingly, are under 40. They have long careers ahead of them, which is yet another reason why we remain so optimistic about the future.

Click the links below to check out the amazing work of the sludge miner, the molecular filmmaker and the rest of our Brilliant 10.