There is, however, one possible option for research to merge these two streams. It’s a protein known as NS1, for non-structural protein 1. It hasn’t gained significant attention in the media or the scientific literature for that matter. However, based on our knowledge from Zika’s close relative, dengue virus, this may be the lynchpin of Zika virus infection. With focused work on this protein, we may understand its pathogenesis, prevent secondary effects through new therapeutics, and possibly develop a vaccine.