|Best overall||Moon by Simaudio||Check Price||
An all-around musical preamp with adjustable gain and equalization that will ensure you’re ready for any cartridge.
|Best entry-level||iFi Audio Zen Phono Preamp||Check Price||
With a smart low-frequency roll-off, an extra audio output, and a soundstage with robust depth, this entry-level preamp is both musical and versatile.
|Best features||Rega - Fono Mini A2D||Check Price||
An affordable and all-around solid phono preamp with a majorly rare feature at this price: a built-in USB out.
For many music connoisseurs, vinyl is the rule not the exception in their collections. And, in most serious hi-fi systems, there’s a phono preamp between a turntable and mixer. That’s because most turntables, unlike CD players, deliver an audio signal without inherently raising it to the correct level for your receiver and speakers. Phono preamps solve this problem by boosting your turntable’s signal by between 40 dB to 50 dB. Additionally, phono preamps apply the standardized RIAA equalization curve, an industry-standard that counteracts the innate highpass that’s physically cut into most vinyl records produced after 1954.
In short, phono preamps are the bridge between your turntable and A/V receiver and a crucial step in most audiophiles’ systems. The best phono preamps deliver excellent EQs that uncover the nuance and depth of your record without overtly coloring it, powerful gain that boosts it without bloating it, and offer control over output. Some even provide USB outs and customizable equalizers. Here are our picks for phono preamps that are worth a spin.
- Best overall: Moon by Simaudio
- Best entry-level: iFi Audio Zen Phono Preamp
- Best features: Rega – Fono Mini A2D
- Best quality: McIntosh MP100
- Best budget: ART DJPREII Phono Preamplifier
How we selected the best phono preamps
As a lifelong musician and audio enthusiast, I own and have owned a revolving panoply of audio equipment. For this article, I researched phono preamps at all price points. I examined numerous models of preamps from many manufacturers, using my own knowledge of audio gear and my experience as a tech reviewer to compare and contrast these devices, sifting them into multiple categories and ranking them based on a few criteria. Firstly, I looked for phono preamps that do a great job at their crucial function of applying a reliable gain boost and solid RIAA curve. I prioritized phono preamps that deliver especially well, whether providing great moving magnet and moving coil capability in just one package, offering especially deep and robust sound stages, or including special premium features like analog-to-digital 24-bit USB out.
Things to consider before buying a phono preamp
Phono preamps usually don’t come with a lot of options and features, but that doesn’t mean they’re one size fits all. Rather, with these technical devices, it’s often important to be sure you know what your sound system needs before you invest.
Do you need a phono preamp?
Some turntables and A/V receivers include built-in preamps. Receivers that include a grounding screw next to their phono jack (this should be labeled) have a phono preamp. Some contemporary turntables also boost signal all in one and eschew the need for a phono preamp completely. Before you buy a phono preamp, it’s worth investigating whether your turntable, receiver, or even powered speaker (for example, the Kanto YU6 or Klipsch The Sixes) might include a preamp. Trial and error here won’t hurt anything. If you plug your turntable into your receiver and fail to get a signal, even with the volume turned up, then you most likely need a preamp. Sometimes systems with a built-in preamp can also benefit from a phono preamp, as a discrete preamp will often do a better job than the included components.
Your phono cartridge
Turntables fall into one of two categories: moving magnet (MM) cartridges or moving coil (MC) cartridges. MM cartridges tend to be heavier and yield a more saturated response. Lighter MC cartridges lean more toward an airier, detailed sound. The two cartridge types are both transducers that change kinetic energy into electrical energy. However, they do this in opposite ways.
MM cartridges employ a stylus attached to magnets, which vibrates between coiled wires as the needle tracks a record’s groove. Because the magnets attach to the stylus, the mass of the magnets puts greater pressure on the stylus and makes it slightly less responsive. MC cartridges invert this system, by attaching the coils to the stylus, so that they vibrate next to fixed magnets. Since the coil has less mass than the magnet, this creates a smaller and lighter cartridge with less drag and more responsiveness to the vinyl.
Some phono preamps work for both MM and MC cartridges. However, most lower-end phono preamps are better with common MM cartridges—like the one that comes on the Fluance RT85, a turntable our reviewer loved. If you’ve invested in an MC cartridge turntable, be sure you’ve selected a phono preamp that has enough gain to power your sound.
One of the most important components of a phono preamp is its equalizer. That’s because RIAA equalization is built right into the way that records have been physically produced since the standard was implemented in 1954. RIAA equalization protocol physically prints a highpass filter into the structure of your record, allowing records expanded playback time, and less stress on your device’s stylus. The standardized RIAA equalization curve fixes this by boosting low frequencies and reducing high frequencies.
Because of the innate low boost in RIAA equalization, records are prone to low-end flutters and drive rumble, which is boosted along with your album’s bassline. Many phono preamps feature equalization settings that are designed to help with this and other issues. Resultantly a low-cut filter (subsonic or otherwise) is a common feature on phono preamps, as well as variable gain settings, and various other filter patterns that can bring out particular nuances.
The best phono preamps: Reviews & Recommendations
Best overall: Moon by Simaudio
Why it made the cut: This phono preamp from Simaudio offers a customizable and innately musical soundstage that pairs well with MM and most MC cartridge turntables.
- MM or MC: Both
- Gain Control and Filters: Yes
- Weight: 1.05
- Size: 9.2 x 7.1 x 2.2 inches
- Gain, impedance, and resistance controls make this device compatible with most MM or MC cartridges
- Gorgeous clear audio
- Great aesthetics
- No special features
If you’re an audiophile looking for a gateway piece of kit to usher your vinyl system into true hi-fi audio, look no further than Moon by Simaudio. A celebrated manufacturer of collector audio equipment, Simaudio creates sonic stages that deliver crisp clarity, resonant depth, and bass response with enough drive that you can really hear the mallets in that first timpani roll in Finlandia (or Bernard Edwards “chuck” in “Everybody Dance”).
The Moon phono preamp delivers dialable gain, impedance, and resistance settings in the form of switches on the bottom plate, ensuring that your Moon can adapt to your turntable, even after you’ve changed out the turntable’s cartridges. For a phono preamp at its price point, it offers decent MC cartridge capabilities that far exceed most of the competition, however, it still sounds thinner and less punchy with an MC cartridge than it will with an MM. That said, this is still one of the best MC-capable preamps with a price tag that doesn’t encroach on the $1,000 price point.
The Moon is a Canadian-made phono preamp that delivers an excellent, detailed sound and features enough versatility to pair well with nearly the whole spectrum of cartridges, even if its delivery falls off somewhat with the quietest end of the MC spectrum.
Best entry-level: iFi Audio Zen Phono Preamp
Why it made the cut: With a wider than normal feature set for an entry-level phono preamp, the Zen delivers MM and MC capabilities with selectable gain, a smart subsonic filter, and even an additional 4.4mm balanced out, all while sounding remarkably nice.
- MM or MC: Both
- Gain Control and Filters: Yes
- Weight: 1.79 pounds
- Size: 10.87 x 6.14 x 2.32 inches
- Excellent sound quality with great depth
- Subsonic smart roll off filter
- Adjustable gain with MC capabilities
- Not as loud and bassy as some competitors
- May not give perfect performance with MC cartridges
The iFi Audio Zen Phono Preamp is one of those rare pieces of audio gear that seems entirely too good for its price point. It’s an entry-level preamp that costs a little more than some of its competitors, yet boasts a feature set that goes well beyond what most of that competition delivers.
Based in Southport, United Kingdom, iFi has been developing high-end audio gear since 2012 (if you’re more into digital-first listening, the iFi xDSD Gryphon is one of our favorite DACs). The company is known for excellent sound, and its Zen phono preamp very much lives up to the company’s reputation. Compared to the Schitt Mani 2 (perhaps the most famous entry-grade phono preamp out there), the Zen offers a sound stage with a hair less gain and less emphasis on the bass register. However, when compared at equal volumes, this somewhat more open sonic profile results in a sound stage with greater depth and more nuance. Compared to the Pro-Ject Audio – Phono Box DC, the Zen delivers more robust mids.
If its innate musicality isn’t enough to make the Zen worth it, the Zen’s feature set seals the deal. Perhaps most striking is the smart bass roll-off switch, which purportedly uses AI to dictate bass roll-off and, in practice, eliminates low flutter and drive rumble without cutting out the juicy low end of your track. The Zen handles MC capabilities with four switchable gain levels on the rear. It delivers a lower than average noise floor, though in practice this will be greatly affected by your placement of the device around other electronics (as with any preamp). Its supplemental 4.4mm balanced out is another boon, allowing you to wire the Zen into a digitizing device, or whatever else you wish (should you have a 4.4mm balanced cable in your arsenal).
All in all, the iFi Audio Zen is a remarkably capable entry-level preamp that impresses with both its innate sound and its feature set.
Best features: Rega – Fono Mini A2D
Why it made the cut: With great sound, and a built-in USB connection, this phono preamp makes sure your analog audio is ready for the digital age.
- MM or MC: MM only
- Gain Control and Filters: Yes
- Weight: .22 pounds
- Size: 10 x 7 x 2.5 inches
- USB out
- Gain knob
- No MC capabilities
For most phono preamps, it’s enough to sound good and offer some breadth of connectivity—maybe they add an EQ into the mix—not so with the Rega – Fono Mini A2D, which doubles as an analog-to-digital converter with the help of its USB connection. The Fono Mini is particularly tiny by preamp standards, it weighs just .22 pounds. The housing features a simple gain knob on the front, next to a centrally located USB output. The back houses the customary ins and outs.
The Rega’s equalization tends toward bright highs but still produces decent bass. Its gain, which is adjusted with the knob on the front, delivers powerful boosting. The lack of EQ customization isn’t too much of a downside, as many receivers offer some degree of customizable EQ if you should want it, and the Rega inherently sounds nice.
It’s the Rega’s USB connection that makes this device really shine. It’s a feature that isn’t common in phono preamps unless you’re shopping for devices five times the price of the Rega, and it seriously expands what the phono preamp can do—and even be. The Rega – Fono Mini A2D is a preamp that questions the bounds of what a phono preamp can be.
Best quality: McIntosh MP100
Why it made the cut: With immaculate sound, discrete MM and MC load dials, and a mechanical switch-off digitizer, the MP100 is a stacked preamp.
- MM or MC: MM and MC with discrete circuits
- Gain Control and Filters: Yes
- Weight: 8.6 pounds
- Size: 11.5 x 3.3 x 13.75 inches
- Gorgeous sound
- Excellent 24-bit USB digitizer included
- Coaxial and optical output
- Handcrafted in NY, US
Based in Binghamton, NY, McIntosh is famous for handcrafted, precisely engineered audio equipment. The McIntosh MP100 phono preamp is a true high-end phono preamp with one of the best feature sets on the market. With a glass front featuring the iconic McIntosh logo illuminated in green LEDs and a stainless steel housing, the MP100 shows off its quality at first glance. Those same extra long-lasting LEDs are used for a clipping indicator, as well as type above the various knobs and buttons along the front display. Front controls include separate tiered MM and MC load knobs, an MC / MM input button, a mono button, a digital output level button, and a standby button.
Perhaps the most exciting feature of the MP100 is its 24-bit analog-to-digital converter. With a USB-B, coaxial, and optical output, the MP100 is ready for vinyl digitization at 24 bits with a 96khz sample rate (much higher than CD’s 16 bits, and commensurate with Blu-ray). It’s a pretty futuristic feature and one that ensures you’ll be able to rip vinyl records to digital with world-class lossless quality. However, those digital outs aren’t just for ripping FLAC files; the digital outs also allow you to use your MP100 to connect a turntable directly into a home theater system without a full-sized phono receiver. Additionally, in a nod to pure analog lovers, these digital features can be fully disabled and powered down for those who wish to reduce potential noise.
The digitizer isn’t the only exciting feature of the McIntosh, however. It’s a preamp that’s been built with love and it shows. The MP100 contains two discrete phono circuits, one for MM and one for MC, designed with an ultra-low noise floor and flat response in mind, which are controllable via two loading dials on the front of the device. To solidify that low noise floor, the device incorporates a multi-regulated power supply.
If it weren’t for the digitizer, the McIntosh would remain competitive with other high-end handcrafted phono stages in its class like the Stellar Phono Preamplifier, which also includes dual controllable inputs for MM and MC cartridges, similar to the MP100s dual circuits. However, we think most audiophiles can appreciate native analog-to-digital conversion at 24 bits. Therefore with its feature-rich delivery, exceptional sound handling, and absolutely gorgeous build, we think the McIntosh MP100 is the best high-end phono preamp on the market.
Best budget: ART DJPREII Phono Preamplifier
Why it made the cut: With a low-cut filter, adjustable capacitance, gain, and a clipping indicator, this preamp puts you in control.
- MM or MC: MM (MC limited)
- Gain Control and Filters: Yes
- Weight: 1.1 pounds
- Size: 1.75 x 4.2 x 3.5 inches
- Highly versatile
- Significantly more features than you would expect on an amp of this price
- Not the best MC coverage
Generally, when you think of budget items, you don’t expect them to come loaded with a wide feature set. The ART DJPREII, however, is a budget option that’s an exception. At an affordable price point, the ART offers a good sound that may not deliver some of the detail and depth of higher-end preamps, but will still create a detailed soundstage with good low end and pleasant musical highs.
The ART does good sound, but what makes this preamp stand out is everything it throws into the package beyond that solid sound delivery. Perhaps its most exciting feature is a low-end roll-off switch that cuts some of the boominess from older distorted vinyl, or a turntable’s drive rumble, without cutting much out of the mix. On the front of the device, there’s a centrally located gain knob (up to +10 dB), with a convenient clip indicator, as well as the low-cut switch and input cap button. It’s a lot of features for such a good price.
While the ART may be able to achieve some results with an MC system, it isn’t nearly as optimized for that as it is for MM. But that’s okay because this product is already loaded for the price. All in all, it’s a budget preamp that should do more than most people expect out of their phono preamp.
Q: What is RIAA equalization?
As bassier frequencies require larger groove widths that take up more space, put more stress on a record player’s stylus, and require more from cutters when cutting a record, RIAA equalization was implemented in 1954 to initiate a standard physical low-frequency reduction and high-frequency boost on the recording end of all record production, which is then counteracted with a standardized inverse lowpass EQ on playback, allowing for greater record length and longer-lasting needles. Resultantly, RIAA equalization is one of the most important functions of a phono preamp, as it normalizes the inherent physical lowpass cut into your vinyl.
Q: Does a turntable need a preamp?
Most turntables require a preamp; however, some contain their own preamps. If you plug your turntable into your sound system and it begins playing at a decent volume, you’re golden. But if you find there’s little to no sound produced, then you need one of the phono preamps listed above.
Q: Does a good phono preamp make a difference?
Absolutely. Good phono preamps boost the overall level between your turntable and receiver, while also delivering benefits like heightened detail and a broadened or deeper sound stage. Some phono preamps even offer special features like analog-to-digital converters. While it might sound counterintuitive, you might need to source a fair amount of add-ins to get the purest signal.
Q: Is phono or line better?
Line is a more powerful signal than phono. Since phono signal is so much lower than line, a preamp is required to boost your phono signal before it is sent to your receiver.
Q: Is it better to have a separate phono preamp?
Most discrete phono preamps do a better job than preamps incorporated into turntables or receivers. The best phono preamps do an especially excellent job.
Q: Is RCA the same as phono?
RCA plugs are used for phono connections.
Q: Is phono the same as aux?
Aux denotes an auxiliary port. Typically these are used with a 3.5mm jack, which is not the same size as a phono cable. Aux ports are usually used to connect headphones or digital players.
Final thoughts on picking the best phono preamps
With so much positive output contained in such a little box, picking a phono preamp can be an exciting step in building a top-tier audio system. The best phono preamps deliver solid sonic boosting and a balanced sound stage equalized for the RIAA standard. Sometimes they deliver special features like an analog-to-digital converter. Higher-end models can feature dual circuits with tweakable loading settings for moving magnet and moving coil cartridges. For most users, the Moon by Simaudio does the best job at providing everything you need in all the right measures. The iFi Audio Zen, on the other hand, is an entry-level contender that’s worth a look for its balanced output and subsonic filter. However, if you’re looking for the truly high-end (and top-dollar) option, the McIntosh MP100 dishes out inarguable quality that’s future-proofed with a native 24-bit analog-to-digital converter. Whatever you pick, some heavenly hi-fi audio awaits.