Everything you need to know about the Green New Deal

The vast proposal outlines a plan to save the Earth from environmental catastrophe.

Green New Deal explainer Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez at the Green New Deal announcement in Washington, D.C.Senate Democrats via Wikimedia

We’re running out of time to cut our greenhouse gas emissions and stave off the most dire impacts of climate change.

That's the conclusion of two reports published at the end of 2018. Both agree that limiting global warming to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels is needed to stop dangerous and damaging heat waves, droughts, sea level rise, and other impacts. That's pretty dire, given we've already warmed the planet by about 1ºC. According to the International Panel on Climate Change's Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5ºC, if we don't lower our current rates of burning fossil fuels, we could bring on that extra half-degree as soon as 2030.

The Green New Deal—a broad resolution introduced Feb. 7 by Democrats Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York in the House and Ed Markley of Massachusetts in the Senate—cites these studies as an impetus for a massive stimulus package.

Climate change and environment destruction is disproportionately affecting “frontline and vulnerable communities,” the resolution says, defining these communities as “indigenous peoples, communities of color, migrant communities, de-industrialized communities, depopulated rural communities, the poor, low-income workers, women, the elderly, the unhoused, people with disabilities, and youth.” The resolution moves to counteract injustices and curb climate change by outlining an overhaul of the United States’ existing energy production, manufacturing, and transportation systems—all in the next 10 years.

The climate goals of the Green New Deal

The resolution outlines a number of goals toward meeting its vision of climate action. Here’s a summary:

  • Help fund projects to protect people from "climate change-related disasters, such as extreme weather"
  • Meet all of power demand through renewable energy
  • Repair and upgrade existing buildings and infrastructure to lower emissions and improve energy efficiency
  • Foster "massive" growth in "clean manufacturing," cutting greenhouse gas emissions from these industries "as much as technologically feasible"
  • Work with farmers and ranchers to improve sustainability in agriculture by supporting family farming, increasing soil health, and creating a food system that "ensures universal access to healthy food."
  • Overhaul existing transportation by investing in infrastructure that supports zero-emission vehicles and building public transit systems and high speed rail
  • Mitigate "long-term adverse health, economic, and other effects of pollution and climate change"
  • Preserve land, plant trees, and use other "proven low-tech solutions" that increase soil carbon storage, thus helping pull CO2 from the atmosphere
  • Restore and protect "threatened, endangered, and fragile ecosystems"
  • Clean up hazardous waste. Identify and remove "other emission and pollution sources."
  • Promote the sharing of ideas and innovations internationally, "making the United States the international leader on climate action, and to help other countries achieve a Green New Deal."

The Green New Deal is non-binding—its passage wouldn’t itself create new laws or programs. It would be up to lawmakers—and pressure from their constituents—to approve legislation that would put the 10-year plan in action.

Still, with 67 co-sponsors and many democratic presidential candidates showing their support, the groundbreaking measure is poised to reframe how we talk about addressing climate change—and how we might avoid the worst-case scenario that we’re currently hurtling toward.