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The path to becoming a successful inventor is easier than ever–but there are also a surplus of options, and it can be difficult to know where to start. Here’s a step-by-step plan to inventing your own anything.

Step 1: Think Big

Think Big
Think Big Katherine Bagley

The most original projects combine two or more disciplines. Look to mash them up.

Step 2: Team Up

Team Up

Team Up

Here’s a map of hackerspaces all around the country. We’ve picked out three–one in Brooklyn, one in Chicago, and one in the Bay Area–to give an idea of how these work. Find more at Hackerspaces.

Shared workspaces let you learn new skills and wield expensive tools. These are some of the largest and most active.


Each of TechShop’s five 15,000-square-foot locations contains more than $1 million in prototyping equipment and software. Its 3,000-plus members include entrants in the Google Lunar X Prize and the makers of the fastest electric motorcycle. Starting at $75/month;


Chicago’s first hackerspace, Pumping Station: One lets members use its tools, such as CNC machines and laser cutters, 24/7. Projects include pants that produce music and a biosensor array that reads patient vitals. Starting at $40/month;


Genspace in Brooklyn caters to professional biologists and amateur beaker jockeys alike. It has everything from microscopes and incubators to PCR machines and spectrometers. $100/month;

Step 3: Gear Up

Click to launch the gallery.
Some tools are for research, some make other tools, and some just tear stuff apart.

Step 4: Get the Right Stuff

Sugru Courtesy Sugru

New materials can protect your project against anything–even outer space.


Imagine Play-Doh that waterproofs holes in your hiking boots, repairs electrical cords, and hangs pictures on the wall. Hand-mold this silicone rubber into anything, let it sit for 24 hours, and you’ve got a grippy, electrically insulating, dishwasher-safe product that maintains its shape between –76° and 356°F. Pictured above. $18/60-gram pack;


Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene is a plastic that can handle up to 7,740 pounds per square inch, resist moisture and chemicals, and dampen noise. Useful in heavy-use projects like snowboards and body armor, it has a low friction coefficient and is 10 times as resilient to abrasion as carbon steel. $35/square foot;


This polyimide film withstands temperatures between –452° and 752°, so engineers use it to insulate products such as photovoltaic panels and spacecraft. It flexes without cracking, is a thermal conductor, and can withstand copper etching, as in printed circuits. The trickiest part is smoothing it on without forming bubbles. $12/square foot;

Step 5: Build a Supply Chain

Build a Supply Chain
Build a Supply Chain Katherine Bagley

Don’t blindly DIY–outsource the tough stuff.


McMaster-Carr sells more than 490,000 items for your shop. The Electronic Goldmine and SparkFun are reliably cheap sources for circuits, solar kits and transformers. Digi-Key has every electronic part you can think of. And the MakerShed offers not just mechanical and electrical parts but lab tools as well. Also, AliExpress carries inexpensive off-brand miscellany from China and can be your source for components you couldn’t find, much less afford, otherwise.


Describe your process and your problems to a vendor; they want to help. DNA-synthesis companies, for instance, can speed a project along. They may offer cells with a fluorescence gene that makes it easy to spot which ones you’ve modified.


Who else uses the same equipment? Rather than buying glassware from pricey lab suppliers, for instance, get them cheap from beer-making sites like


Sites like, and help you outsource tasks—coding, graphics, product design and marketing—that you can’t (and shouldn’t) handle.


eMachineShop allows you to draft your design on free CAD software, upload it, and order finished parts that arrive by mail a few days later. Or go international: Upload to, where manufacturers from around the world can bid on the job.

Step 6: Get It Funded

Get It Funded

Get It Funded

Some examples of Kickstarter-funded projects.

Crowdfunding can get your first prototype built, but you have to know your backers’ tastes. Take a cue from four emerging categories on Kickstarter.

Step 7: Get It Out There

Red Bull Creation

Red Bull Creation

The Red Bull Creation hackathon, taken at last year’s event.

Events draw the press, investors and other makers together. Share your idea at an up-and-coming venue.


A 72-hour hackathon for 16 teams. Last year’s challenge was to move a person without using fossil fuels. This September, finalists will show off a new round of projects in New York.


The year’s biggest synthetic-biology event, founded by MIT, is a race to genetically engineer something innovative. The world championship is held each November.


Presentations at this beloved nine-year-old meet-up of makers, held in Cleveland each April, range from discussions of neurohacking and data analysis to lighter topics, like swords.


Hacker spaces complete an assigned challenge every month while streaming their work by webcam. Tasks have included improving the long-term energy efficiency of the team’s workspace and mailing a cupcake to another hacker group so that it arrives in pristine condition.

DIY Gel Rig

DIY Gel Rig

Dozens of DIY websites now offer open-source plans for gel electrophoresis systems, which separate DNA fragments by size. One plan at Instructables takes just three hours to build. $50–$80;
MakerBot Replicator

MakerBot Replicator

A personal 3-D printer enables you to build rather than buy custom parts for a project, from gears to chess pieces. MakerBot’s most recent model offers one of the biggest printable sizes available—a part can be as large as 300 cubic inches, the size of a loaf of bread­—and costs less than two G’s. $1,750; MakerBot
FireBall V90 CNC Router

FireBall V90 CNC Router

Once found only in factories, these digital machining systems are cheap enough for home use, mostly because your laptop now replaces the processor. Models like Probotix’s FireBall V90 come as DIY assembly kits and fit on a desk. $600 (base price);


A small yet monstrous tool of destruction: Two blades rotate in opposite directions at 5,500 rpm and can cut the roof off a car in a few minutes. You don’t need a wrecker’s biceps to handle it, and you don’t have to drill pilot holes first. $120;


Irish DIY biologist Cathal Garvey has replaced expensive centrifuges. His 3-D-printable tube holder attaches to any rotary tool—and at 33,000 rpm can extract DNA from nearly anything. $48;
2.x Laser

2.x Laser

Mechanical engineer Bart Dring’s creation can etch images into material or cut it into specific shapes. And its design is open-source, which means that aside from the time needed to build it, the machine costs only as much as the parts: as little as $1,200.


Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) machines are essentially copy machines for DNA. They amplify fragments to make millions of identical sequences for experimentation. OpenPCR replaces costly, refrigerator-size machines with a box that’s less than a foot square. $600;