Neuroscientists at MIT have identified the region of the brain that switches between old and new habits. In the study, researchers trained rats to run in a T-shaped maze. They would receive chocolate milk for turning left or sugar water for turning right. When the researchers took away the rewards, the rats who had learned to turn left continued to do so, even though they weren't benefitting in any way.
Even when the researchers added nausea-inducing lithium chloride to the chocolate milk, the rats still turned to the left. This is how the researchers knew that the habit was pretty deeply ingrained.
The next step was to use optogenetics to inhibit cells in the infralimbic cortex--a region inside the pre-frontal cortex that is believed to control habits. Optogenetics is the engineering of nerve cells to create light-sensitive proteins that can either inhibit (or excite) neuron activity. For several seconds at a time, they turned off activity in the infralimbic cortex just as the rats were making the decision of which way to turn. Immediately, the rats learned the new habit of turning right.
Still, the old habit wasn't erased from the rat's brain, but merely switched off. The process reversed when the researchers shined light into the infralimbic cortex. The rats that broke their old habit regained it instantly.
Though this optogenetic process is too invasive to use in humans, it has implications about the flexibility of destructive habits. As technology advances and with further research, scientists may soon be able to intervene in disorders and addictions that involve oppressive and uncontrollable habitual behavior.
They should try this on the President and try to cure his bad habit of spending money we don't have.
There are a few scientists believe water flowed on Mars as early as 10,000 years ago and there are other scientist who have identified intelligent structures on Mars too from the NASA pictures. Some of these pictures are identical in layout as the Egyptian pyramids and point in shape to the Orion belt in the cosmos.
And on that note from above.... lol.
The Sumerians knew the earth revolved around the sun, and they knew about all the planets in our solar system, size and location. They knew of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto, which discovered by modern day science until 1781, 1846, and 1930! They know about all the planets in the solar system, and they knew of one more planets beyond Pluto and in 1983, scientists announced their belief that there was a planet beyond Pluto. Even more astonishing is the fact that they even knew the nature of these planets- for example, they knew that Neptune was mostly water and they describe the color of Neptune and Uranus.
They describe clearly, when our solar system came into being and the young Earth had a collision with a rogue planet that come into our solar system, changing the structure of our solar system, created the asteroid belt and our moon. The most recent theory of how moon came into being is similar the Sumerians description.
The Sumerians clearly state their source of knowledge came from extraterrestrials from a 12th planet, which has an elliptical orbit of 3600 years.
There story of creation of man is more elaborately explain by the Sumerians and the same as the shorter story is written in genesis from the bible.
While many religions, myths and stories of an ancient culture can show an earlier source of where their story came from earlier, the Sumerians spontaneously show up as a civilization with no prior history. Ancient Samaria was a civilization, which appeared “full bloom” meaning they appeared without any precursor, or more primitive civilization. The Sumerians have a complicated law system (including juries), medicine (including invasive procedures), ships and navigation, but more remarkably, an amazingly advanced knowledge of astronomy, city planning and streets, farming techniques, writing, mathematics and so much more.
Our manner of keeping time come 60 seconds, 60 minutes, 12 hour for the day 12 for night and 24 hours in a day, and they calendar we owe to the Sumerians.
The Sumerian culture is 10,000 years old. Get to know the Sumerian culture and their history and you will learn about your human culture roots and how we, humans, are created by the God\Extraterrestrials. Did you know that the Neanderthal brain was larger than the modern human brain? The alien Gods change the local primates to created humans with the quality of who we are! The history of Sumerians even explains why humans are made, too.
The Sumerians clearly state their source of knowledge came from extraterrestrials from a 12th planet, which has an elliptical orbit of 3600 years, planet X.
This Sumerian information is not mythology. This knowledge and culture is archeology science of a record history.
I meant to post the above comment in a different article. Drat these internet explorer tabs, lol.