Let Electric Ink Light Up Your Next Project

Pencil shavings make for cheap circuits

Liberate your next electronics project from the constraint of wires and run current through a painted line of graphite instead. A DIY graphite paint won’t conduct electricity as well as a wire or an expensive commercial conductive ink. But it’s perfectly good for connecting LEDs to batteries in flexible circuits and making a sheet of paper touch-sensitive enough to play like a piano keyboard.


  • Powdered graphite
  • White vinegar
  • Syringe
  • Elmer’s clear glue


Time: 2 hours

Cost: $12

Difficulty: Easy


  1. To make the ink, put powdered graphite in a cup, cover with vinegar, and stir. Let it sit for a few minutes.

  2. Once the graphite settles on the bottom of the cup, remove the clear liquid on top with a syringe.

  3. Stir in about a teaspoon of glue to keep the graphite suspended. A thick line of paint has a resistance of a few kilohms per inch.

  4. To test, use a small brush to draw lines connecting a 3-volt coin cell battery to an LED. Let the circuit dry and watch it light up!

This article was originally published in the January 2015 issue of Popular Science.

Jeremy Cook

Jeremy Cookis a freelance tech journalist who spent over a decade in manufacturing automation. In addition to writing, he loves to experiment and build, creating everything from walking robots to furniture. When he’s not writing or making something, he enjoys spending time with his family outdoors and in the water where he lives in Florida. You can find Jeremy’s exploits on YouTube and Twitter, or catch him talking to other makers and techno-creators on The Creativity Podcast.