- Supercam: This includes a green laser beam that can determine a rock's composition–including whether or not it contains organic elements–from up to 40 feet away. A high-res camera "allows us to see a human hair from several feet away," said supercam project leader Roger Wiens, "not that we'd expect to find any of those on Mars."
- PIXL: This instrument will use an X-ray beam to scan the detailed chemical makeup of a rock, in order to look for potential biosignatures.
- RIMFAX: This ground-penetrating radar system will see below the Mars surface to look for groundwater or other interesting geological structures. It'll provide centimeter-scale resolution, although the precise depth to which it can scan depends on the local geologic conditions. The RIMFAX project leader hasn't given us any numbers yet.
- Drill: The new rover's drill will dive deeper beneath the surface, where some scientists think microbes could be living today.