What's obvious is that modern humans, on the other hand, are innately talented musicians and artists. That's no small factor into our species' continued success, say archaeologists. People tend to make music together, which builds a feeling of unity that would have served early humans well during hunting and other well-planned group activities. That likely prodded the expansion of our species in ways that Neanderthal culture could not. Neanderthals died out less than 30,000 years ago, eclipsed by a changing climate and the social prowess of growing human groups—the ultimate rock bands.