- Better screening tests for new patients. In the early 2000s, superbug Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase infected patients in hundreds of hospitals in the U.S. and abroad. Researchers traced the outbreak back to a single hospital New York City. Many healthcare professionals advocate for screening patients for antibiotic-resistant bacteria upon admission to the hospital so that doctors and nurses can make sure the bacteria doesn't spread, but others claim the high cost of such widespread screening isn't worth it.
- Wash those hands. "[Antibiotic-resistant bacteria] are transmitted mainly on the hands of caregivers who do not practice effective hand hygiene after every contact with patients and their environment," reads one 2012 study. Hand washing is so simple, but works so well. If doctors and nurses washing up before and after handling each patient or any other contaminated materials, they can stop the bacteria from spreading to others, even in the midst of an outbreak.
- Clean invasive devices. CRE is found in feces, which means it can be transmitted through medical devices that are used on many different patients and not sufficiently disinfected. Though medical devices in the future may be designed to limit the transmission of bacteria like CRE, for now hospital personnel just have to be extra careful with devices like endoscopes that enter the digestive tract, like the one that caused the UCLA outbreak.