Polio vaccinations dropped in Guinea in 2014 during the Ebola outbreak, which may have contributed to the current cases coming out of the region. Both Mali and Guinea are initiating an emergency response to the current outbreak. According to Lucien Manga, the acting WHO representative in Mali, the government there has set up emergency vaccination teams that will start immunizations on Wednesday. The government is also investigating the current case and conducting a risk assessment to see how it may potentially spread. “We are confident that the Government of Mali is taking appropriate measures to control this outbreak,” says Manga, via email.