Video: A Japanese Telepresence Robot that Lives on Your Shoulder

MH-2, the Miniature Humanoid
via [IEEE Spectrum

The emerging field of telepresence and telerobotics has produced some fairly out-there forms to carry out their functions, and researchers at Yamagata University in Japan don't seem to have any problem pushing that envelope. Their concept: a telepresence robot that quite literally is that voice in your ear, that angel (or devil) on your shoulder. The MH-2 (for "miniature humanoid") is a remotely controlled robot that lives on your shoulder and conveys a person's gestures and movements from a distance.

The idea here is that the wearer may want to share an experience--travel or a party or whatever--with someone who can't be present at the time and place. With the MH-2, that person can stand in front of a 3-D immersive display (or, more likely, a television screen) outfitted with a motion capture device (like a Kinect) and remotely embody the robot on the user's shoulder.

What the robot sees, the remote user sees on his or her screen. Likewise, his or her speech and gestures are translated back to the robot, which uses it's remarkably plentiful degrees of freedom--seven for the arms, three for the head, and two for the body, plus one for realistic breathing (yes, breathing)--to recreate the remote user's persona, albeit on a slightly smaller scale. The idea, according to the researchers, is something like the vision below.

MH-2 Telerobot: The Vision
via [IEEE Spectrum

The limiting factor here, at least for now, is the huge backpack full of servos and such that enable all those degrees of freedom. Presumably that will shrink as the researchers polish their finished product, though we're not sure exactly how huge the market for this sort of thing is regardless. Check out the video below to see MH-2 in all its servo-driven, multiple-degree-of-freedom magnificence.