- A plane drops a bomb packed with darts. Once it reaches 1,000 feet above its target, the bomb ejects a seven-foot-long tubular canister.
- A corkscrew pattern carved into the bomb's interior spins the canister as it slides out, like a bullet leaving a gun. The rotation and small explosives jettison the canister's panels and expose 6,500 darts stacked several rows deep. The mass of darts is also spinning, which uniformly disperses them.
- Each seven-inch dart slams into the ground at 1,200 feet per second. Its blunt nose helps it carve a channel in water or sand, a process called cavitation. This reduces friction on the body of the dart and allows it to pass through two feet of sand and more than seven feet of water.
- Darts inject the mines with one of three substances: a chemical that safely burns the TNT, a reactive powder that breaks apart the mine by increasing internal pressure, or a small explosive that detonates the mine on impact.