The 10 Most Awesome College Labs Of 2013

Thinking about a science degree? Consider a lab where research meets white-knuckled adventure

IceCube Neutrino Observatory

University of Wisconsin-Madison
Buried deep in the ice below the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, IceCube is the world's largest and most remote neutrino observatory. Neutrinos are nearly massless particles that rarely interact with matter. Trillions of them pass through the earth every second, carrying information that may help explain the physics of supernovae and the source of high-energy cosmic rays. Because their signatures are very weak and rare, scientists had to bury vertical strings of the detectors deep in the Antarctic ice, which blocks photons from the sun and cosmic rays. The clear ice in IceCube's dark underground setting allows the detectors to see the faint blue light that appears after a neutrino hits an atom within the ice.
Every year, dozens of undergraduates from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (or one of its 40 or so international collaborators) secure research positions with IceCube. For most, that means monitoring the lab's detectors from stations in the U.S. and Europe. But for a lucky few, it can mean a trip to the South Pole. After passing a physical, students embark on a 72-hour journey, stopping first in New Zealand. From there, they fly to McMurdo research station on Antarctica's coast and then on to the South Pole, 850 miles away, in a ski-equipped propeller plane. Pending funding, the university may send four students to spend three weeks there during the Antarctic summer season.
Once they acclimate to the 9,000-foot altitude at IceCube, students will monitor signals from neutron detectors while braving temperatures of –20 to –30 degrees Fahrenheit. The work may be uncomfortable and the target very, very small, but the students could help answer some of the biggest questions in the universe.
Careers: Particle Physicist, Heliophysicist, Electrical Engineer
S. Lidstrom/NSF

Forensics Anthropology Center

University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Every semester, on a three-acre wooded bluff overlooking the Tennessee River in Knoxville, about 75 undergraduates help Dawnie Wolfe Steadman deposit dead bodies. Steadman, a forensics professor at the University of Tennessee, studies the many ways in which a body decays. Students assist her by monitoring the 100 or so donated cadavers during various stages of decomposition. They might study the life cycles of flesh-eating fauna, such as blowflies and dermestid beetles, to pinpoint time of death. Or they might retrieve DNA from the bodies and test for the presence of microbes or drugs, which authorities could use to determine identity and toxicology in murder cases. Sometimes they even help Steadman re-create, at the request of law enforcement, a crime scene—say, by stuffing dead bodies in car trunks—to test out hypotheses.
Once the insects have cleaned most of the flesh from the bone, the students take the remains back to the lab. They don scrubs, aprons, and gloves and learn to identify bones, skeletal pathologies, and different types of trauma. Then they add the skeleton to the university's growing collection: more than 1,100, at last count.
Careers: Forensic Pathologist, Forensic Scientist, Forensic Anthropologist
Courtesy Forensics Anthropology center

Textile Protection and Comfort Center

North Carolina State University
The most important teachers in Roger Barker's textile lab are mannequins. Barker studies how textiles respond to extreme conditions by re-creating real-world environments with three types of models: PyroMan endures conditions that mimic a burning building; it has 122 thermal heat sensors that record heat flux while Barker blasts it with eight propane-gas burners. RadMan, currently under development, has sensors that record the radiant heat of simulated forest fires. An unnamed third kind of mannequin has thermal sensors, articulated joints, and more than 100 sweating pores, so Barker can test the performance of uniforms and outdoor clothing.
Every year, about 10 North Carolina State University undergraduates help Barker on various projects. In 2012, for example, a group tested military garments that had been impregnated with insecticides (to discourage biting pests) to ensure the chemicals were within Environmental Protection Agency limits. Students may even stand in for the dummies: One group volunteered to get misted with wintergreen oil, an ersatz mustard gas, to make sure safety suits wouldn't leak in a chemical-weapons attack. According to research assistant professor Bryan Ormond, the only job students can't do is replace PyroMan in the burn chamber.
Careers: Materials Engineer, Sports-Clothing Developer
Courtesy textile protection

National Wind Institute

Texas Tech University
Students at Texas Tech University are trying to protect against the ravages of hurricanes, tornadoes, and other dangerous storms. By studying how extreme storms form and evolve, along with the damage they cause, engineers can design structures to withstand them. At the center's Debris Impact Facility, teams use a custom high-impact gun to fire two-by-fours—the most common storm projectile—at brick walls, shelters, and safes to prove the strength of the targets' materials and design. Other teams race to deploy sensors at sites where hurricanes are predicted to land, to collect data on wind speed, humidity, and more. This year, two graduate students even got to work on a Federal Emergency Management Agency–funded project to assess how well storm shelters held up in the wake of the tornado that hit Moore, Oklahoma, in May.
Careers: Structural Engineer, Atmospheric Scientist
Comfort Center

Energetic Materials Research and Testing Center

New Mexico Tech
Van Romero's students don't want to be doctors or lawyers. They want to blow things up for a living. Romero, New Mexico Tech's vice president of research and economic development, and his staff oversee students as they detonate any number of explosives, whether C4 or TNT, across the school's 26,000-acre mountaintop blasting range (which includes a quarter-scale urban canyon for modeling an explosion's shock waves). Last spring, the freshman class was the first to play around in the school's new interactive lab. The 1,220-square-foot space includes Samsung tabletop computers for sharing project designs, and a 3-D printer for building the trigger mechanisms and launching arms for a small working trebuchet.
Careers: Nuclear-Weapons Developer, Construction Blaster, Homeland Security Contractor
John B. Carnett

Wildlife Ecology and Conservation

University of Florida
Before his students leave for Swaziland every summer, Robert McCleery, a professor of wildlife ecology, imparts a long list of survival tips, which include: Always baboon-proof the campsite; don't get malaria; don't float around in the rivers, which teem with hippos, crocs, and the parasite bilharzia. Armed with that knowledge, 15 students from the University of Florida set out for one month of ecology and conservation studies. During their time in the field, students could radio-collar Egyptian slit-faced bats or collect giraffe scat for genetic analysis. They might spot black wildebeest through the mist-covered mountains of the Malolotja Nature Reserve or study impalas and zebras in the lowland savanna. As part of their curriculum, they will make nighttime game drives in search of bush-baby primates and field trips to Kruger National Park in neighboring South Africa.
For those who crave a bit more time in the bush, McCleery can arrange for a select few to stay on at his permanent camp in Swaziland as interns for the rest of the summer. The camp is run by University of Florida graduate students and staff from All Out Africa, a nongovernmental organization. Any University of Florida student may apply, says McCleery: "I have no set requirements aside from a single ecology course. I take on students with a serious passion for wildlife ecology that are eager to learn and have a tireless work ethic."
Careers: Wildlife Ecologist, Park Biologist
Courtesy Alanna Scaccia/Ecology and Conservation Center

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

California Institute of Technology
This summer, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, is hosting 450 undergraduates from around the country for 10-week-long internships, where they may work on projects in planetary science, astrophysics, astrobiology, or robotics. In the past, students have helped develop instruments on the Mars-bound Curiosity rover; analyzed data sent by the Kepler spacecraft, which is looking for potentially habitable exoplanets; and studied life in extreme environments on Earth, getting a glimpse of how life may exist elsewhere in the universe. The interns "operate at the frontier of human knowledge," says Adrian Ponce, JPL's manager of higher education. Once they graduate, approximately 100 former interns are considered for permanent JPL jobs. Careers: Astrobiologist, Astrophysicist, Engineer, Computer Scientist
Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Denver Museum of Nature and Science

Colorado State University and Colorado College The badlands of southern Utah are famously rugged, a maze of sandstone cliffs and canyons that can amplify summer temperatures into furnacelike conditions. But this wasn't always the case. Seventy-five million years ago, during the late Cretaceous period, the region was a gigantic coastal forest much like today's Gulf Coast, filled with frogs, salamanders, and even tyrannosaurs. When the animals died, they sank into the sediment, which preserved them forever. As a result, southern Utah is one of the richest fossil beds in the U.S. Several times a year, Joseph Sertich, a vertebrate paleontologist at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, leads students on fossil-hunting trips that double as extreme backpacking adventures. Hauling picks, axes, and gas-powered rock saws, students march into the wilderness of the Kaiparowits Plateau, an almost roadless expanse of sand- and mudstone domes that rise as high as 800 feet. "It's kind of like a badlands on steroids," Sertich says. On any given trip, students will hike up to seven miles to established digs, then head further into the backcountry to identify new, untapped sites. Some digs are so remote that tools must be airlifted in by helicopter. In the field, students have uncovered fossils such as pea-size lizard skulls and entire duck-billed dinosaur skeletons. Most undergrads stay in the field for a few weeks, but there is an opportunity to extend the research into a senior thesis. Longer internships lasting a month or two are in the works. "The undergrads have become one of the keys to making the project run," says Sertich. "We have lots of volunteers at the Denver Museum who are a big part of running the camp, but the students do a lot of the difficult parts of the fieldwork." Careers: Paleontologist, Geologist, Museum CuratorCourtesy Denver Museum of Natural History

Explosives Engineering

Missouri University of Science and Technology Students in Paul Worsey's explosives program have a new class to add to their schedules: fireworks manufacturing. They grind incendiary chemicals and combine them into professional-grade fireworks; the final project is to create a five-inch pyrotechnic mortar—and set it off. Students can also take courses in commercial-firework and stage pyrotechnics, in which they learn to design, set up, and fire large public pyrotechnic displays, whether for a Fourth of July celebration, a concert, or a WWE match. Careers: Pyrotechnics Manufacturer, Ammunition Maker, Demolition ExpertJohn B. Carnett

Barton Lab

The University of Akron Only the toughest and most sure-footed students need apply for undergraduate honors thesis work in Hazel Barton's lab. Barton studies cave microbes, and students will often do their fieldwork in Brazilian caverns, accessible only by donning snakeproof boots and hacking through the Amazon with a machete. By analyzing rock samples and the microbes that live on them (many eat iron within the rock), they are learning how to better predict the formation of sinkholes and caves. Barton and her students also study the competition between various microbial species, looking for insights that could lead to new forms of antibiotics. Careers: Microbiologist, Geochemist, AstrobiologistHazel A. Barton