For such a large, powerful scientific instrument, the science that will take place here is surprisingly simple. Build two houses to different standards and set them side-by-side in the hangar-like space. Flip the switch. See which one is still standing post-tempest. A large hurricane simulation costs about $100,000 to conduct, but given the fact that a Category 3 storm can render damages in the tens or even hundreds of millions, it's a small price to pay to make sure it knows exactly how sturdy the buildings that insurers cover. Call it insurance for the insurers, who together hold policies on $9 trillion worth of property exposed to hurricane risk alone.