At this point, it’s unclear how the crash might affect Virgin Galactic (VG)—already behind schedule and over budget—but it will almost assuredly alter how we approach sending civilians to the thermosphere. Upstart space-tech firms like VG, SpaceX, Blue Origin, and XCOR Aerospace pride themselves on moving faster and more efficiently than NASA and its cadre of contractors, including Boeing and Lockheed Martin. Rather than the billions of dollars associated with manned spaceflight missions before it, VG had reportedly spent an estimated $500 million. That’s admirable—and certainly efficient—but it’s far too little to create a fleet of reusable vehicles that ferry passengers into suborbit several times a week. Consider, for example, the humble business jet. Dassault Aviation, a company with decades of experience in aircraft design and manufacturing, likely invested upwards of a billion dollars to develop a single plane, according to industry analysts. Its new Falcon 5X carries a comparable number of passengers with SS2 and doesn’t have to go to space.