To Pinpoint Audio Evidence, UK Police Record 7 Years Of Background Noise

The electrical hum in the background of a call can identify precisely when it happened.

Audio Recording
Forensic Informatics Biometric Repository

Metropolitan police in London have been recording the hum of the nation's electrical grid for the last seven years, the BBC reports. And not just for fun: fluctuations in the sound enable audio forensic experts to pinpoint the time when any digital recording--of, say, a phone call--was made.

The hum varies subtly, a matter of millihertz, due to power demand and supply, so that there is a consistent signature associated with any point in time since the recording has begun. Simultaneously, any other recording that's made in the vicinity of a power line or appliance picks up the faint hum in the background.

By matching the hum in the background of a telephone recording with the master record of all electrical humming over the last seven years, the police can ascertain the exact time when the recording was made. This Electric Network Frequency analysis can verify the provenance and continuity of a recording as well, and has held up as crucial evidence in UK court.