The report suggests that the Medicare burden will jump from $91 billion spent on Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia in 2005 to $189 billion by 2015. Which makes you think that the government is hustling to support researchers in search of a cure, or effective treatment, right? Not exactly. According to the Alzheimer's Association, the government has cut spending on the research. At the same time, other experts suggest that the Association's numbers might be too aggressive.