A paleontologist walks us through the details of the case.
New evidence suggests they were skilled hunters.
Possibly without fur-lined parkas, colder temps may have led to demise
It's a fact of the archaeological record: Modern humans survived and Neanderthals did not. Why? And what does it teach us about our own survival?
New research shows Neanderthals enjoyed surf and turf
Belgian cave holds remains of cut leg bones
But the hybrid girl raises more questions than she answers.
Fossils and molecular genetics are just some of the tools researchers have used to answer questions about the history of the human species
Take some Neanderthal DNA, mix in some stem cells, add it to a womb--bam, baby Neanderthal.
It's probably time to stop acting surprised.
Competition, not climate change, led to Neanderthal wipe-out
New research suggests our Neanderthal cousins might have been super chatty.
The species may have gone extinct because their eyes demanded too many neural resources.
Bird-bone flute hints that Paleolithic humans banded together to the demise of Neanderthals
A case of ancient hominid hanky-panky
Sculptor Élisabeth Daynès works in paleo-reconstruction, bringing the faces of long-dead human ancestors back to life.
Cancer sticks and other evils do some good
Giving archaeologists something to chew on
New radiocarbon measurements from the silty bottom of a Japanese lake could help scientists pinpoint when Neanderthals died out.
The answers to the most nagging, fascinating, and bizarre questions of the summer movie season.