These findings could also be useful for artificial intelligence algorithms like self-driving cars or other machine learning systems that need to interact with other bots. In these one-off interactions, they'll "need to self-manage their behavior but at the same time cooperate with others in their environment." Professor Roger Whitaker, the study's lead author, said in a release. When might an autonomous car allow another driver to take its right-of-way? Potentially when it's beneficial for itself.