The technology within the robot is as surprisingly simple as the game it dominates. The system can be broken down into three components: the vision system, the intelligence, and the actual robot. The vision system consists of an off-the-shelf machine camera (a model often used for assembly line inspection) mounted eight feet above the table. The camera is encircled by a custom array of lights directed onto the playing surface. A professional-grade puck is then covered with reflective tape, similar to that often seen on backpacks or running shoes. During play, the vision system locates the puck, defined as the center of the bright light, 100 times per second. That location is relayed to the computer, where an algorithm determines the expected path of the puck. The engineers developed the algorithm based on theoretical calculations, taking into account spin and energy loss in conjunction with a series of controlled tests. An off-the-shelf industrial robot (designed to paint, seal, and sand parts) is then instructed to move to the expected location. According to Nuvation, the robot can't move as fast as the human hand (just 4 meters per second), so save your excuses.