The CDC considers having the following vaccinations by age 19 months 'timely': diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, measles, mumps, rubella, Haemophilus influenza type b, hepatitis B and varicella. The only disease for which timely immunizations did not increase among low-income children was Haemophilus influenza type b, or the Hib, which is not the flu, as the name may suggest. In fact, Hib is a serious bacterial disease, and, before the vaccine was invented, was the number one cause of meningitis.
Overall, the report yields a mixed bag of results. While progress has been made, there are still clear socioeconomic disparities between who is vaccinated and who is not. The report suggests, to further reduce the gap, changes such as "improving health care providers' reminder/recall systems, implementing educational interventions that address barriers to vaccination and increasing parents' awareness of the Vaccines for Children Program." When at the doctor's office with their children, parents should ask about their child's vaccination history and find out if the doctor thinks certain vaccines should be administered during the visit. Medical professionals hope it does not take an emergency like the recent swine flu outbreak to spur parents to seek vaccinations for their children.