New research found that most goats tested could quickly figure out how to solve a "mechanical puzzle" that yielded a delicious piece of fruit. In this case they had to pull on and then lift up a lever, a "highly novel cognitive task." Completing this two-step process caused a box to open, within which was a piece of fruit. Of the 12 goats tested, nine of them got it within fewer than a dozen trials on average. Two of them were disqualified for trying to pry open the fruit-box with their horns, which actually might have been a smart idea (and it's not like the goats knew they'd be DQ'ed), and one was dismissed as hopeless upon not showing signs of learning the task after 22 trials.