What's more, the software then uses both the map data and the eye feedback to present a static image when the surgeon is operating in an area of the body which is moving. The robot keeps its tools in sync with a beating heart, for example, but the surgeon sees only a still image, allowing for greater precision. It can even show tissue and vessels below and around the area to highlight healthy parts and reduce the potential for unnecessary cutting.
Via The Guardian
This construct is NOT a robot.
A robot, by its very definition has a manner of memory, system and a measure of artificial intelligence to allow it to operate by a set of instructions (a program) on its own.
This is a Surgical Telepresence Device as it requires the presence of a human operator to complete the surgery, just a fancy set of Waldo hands.
If Da Vinci were sophisticated enough to perform surgery without the assistance of a human, it would be classified as a Surgical Droid.
Da Vinci in its present form does not do this!
A much more sophisticated version of Da Vinci that would more approximate the human form would fall under the classification of a Surgical Android.
Robots, on the other hand, perform comparatively simple and repetitive actions such as painting parts or assembling sub assemblies for other devices.
It's all a matter of sophistication, intelligence, autonomy, and form.
One can't call everything with wheels a car, so the sharp distinction in the definitions.