Job: Cure health problems before birth.
Trend: Operating on a fetus was once unimaginable. Now docs fix twins’ abnormal placentas, surgery to correct spina bifida is in clinical trials, and scientists are testing stem-cell and gene therapies in pregnant mice. “We’re trying to cure disease before the baby is born, before it damages the fetus,” says Lori Howell, the executive director of the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia’s fetal-medicine program. Pediatric DNA banks may someday help cure cancer, autism and diabetes in the womb.
Education: Head to an emerging fetal-treatment center such as the Children’s Hospitals of Philadelphia or Boston.