On December 14, 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen's five-man expedition arrived at the South Pole on skis and dogsleds, beating Robert F. Scott's ill-fated team by a month. Amundsen, who left medical school at age 21 for a life at sea, was also the first person to cross the North Pole by airship and the first to traverse Canada's Northwest Passage.
After he disappeared trying to rescue a fellow explorer in 1928, Popular Science published a tribute to the lost adventurer, calling him "the last of the vikings" who, of all humans, "alone had stood at both frozen tips of our spinning world."
Read the full story of Amundsen's boyhood, and his famous expeditions, in our December 1928 issue.
The incredible innovations, like drone swarms and perpetual flight, bringing aviation into the world of tomorrow. Plus: today's greatest sci-fi writers predict the future, the science behind the summer's biggest blockbusters, a Doctor Who-themed DIY 'bot, the organs you can do without, and much more.