While studying the weird behavior of high-temperature superconductors, scientists may have found a new phase of matter, separate from solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Electrons in a pre-superconducting state apparently form a strange, distinct order, lining up in a way that has never been seen before.
Superconductors are 100-percent-efficient materials that waste no energy. In them, electrons break off into pairs, conducting electricity with no resistance. This usually requires operating at extremely cold temperatures, however, so superconductors are not quite practical for a wide range of uses. Scientists have been trying to make warm superconductors that can operate at room temperature, but warm superconductors experience a "pseudogap" while the electrons change their energy levels, preparing to team up and enter their superconducting states.
During this "pseudogap," the electrons are doing something other than superconducting. For 20 years, no one has been able to figure out what they're doing instead, and scientists are not sure if it is part of the whole superconducting process, or if it's detrimental, and if they should try to close the pseudogap so warm superconductors can work better. Researchers at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University set out to uncover what the electrons were up to.
They combined three types of measurement techniques to study electronic behavior at the surface, thermodynamic behavior in the interior, and changes to their dynamic properties over time, as a news release from SLAC explains.
They learned that in the pseudogap phase, electrons are not pairing up; instead, they're reorganizing into a distinct order. What's more, this electron formation remains even when the material is superconducting, but no one noticed it before.
Scientists are still not sure what the new electron order means, and they still have to figure out what this new arrangement is all about. But it's an interesting finding: Though brief, a new phase of matter opens up all kinds of questions about electronic properties and how superconductors work.
Yes! Let the age of magnetism commence!
how about the age of matter/energy 100% conversion rates?
but that's too long for an era...
and what is this new phase of matter called? and why am I getting to the next to last paragraph before they actually explain anything. there is little information here, the rest of it is just a long intro for filler.
if you want more info on this.
At last, we're on track for a new form of large-scale hover technology, or at least have an important clue! Definitely follow up on this when more info becomes availiable!
Way back in ~1986, My college physics professor asked us all to come up with a viable and useful application for this "new" breakthru tech (when superconductors were first announced) ...
... I immediately blurted out "I want a superconducting po-go stick !!
The dude looked at me like I was from Mars and proceeded to berate me and diss my "opposing field" concentric coil design ... bwoke my widdle heart.
I still think it would be a great design for a Lunar Hopper Vehicle, as depicted in the BBC Sci-opera, SPACE 1999.
Oh, well ... I am 52 years old, now ... I doubt i could ride the dang thing, at this age (but I would still try!).
Maybe they line up against the force of gravity, so if you get enough power in it you can make antigrav.
I hate to sound like an amerter, but why is this such a big deal? There are probably thousands of phases of matter and we don't know them because we're stuck on this damn planet!!!!
Well, in the book, Conquest of Cold, Zero Kelvin, it covers the discovery of phonons that are supposed to control the synchronized dance, and rotons that I assigned the organization of the square dance, more complicated than the everyone in their own sphere doing the identical thing. Maybe we have found what rotons do?
@mynamehere...quit being lazy and look it up, this site provides just a brief amount of info, stop complaining