You don't run this wind tunnel. You fire it. With the help of air pumped to 160 times atmospheric pressure and a highly explosive combination of hydrogen, oxygen, and a megawatt generator, the tunnel, set in a suburban Long Island business park, can reproduce the hellacious conditions an aircraft would encounter while traveling 20 miles above Earth at 5,300 mph–Mach 8–a speed at which the violent airstream packs enough energy to soften and melt solid nickel alloys.
Bolted to a massive copper support in the center of this torture rig is the focus of the HyTech project: a 6-foot-long, 200-pound prototype of a NASA- and Air Force-developed jet-fuel-powered scramjet (supersonic-combustion ramjet) engine called GDE-1 that could, by 2008, propel a small unmanned airplane to 5,000 mph and beyond.
Such hypersonic capabilities-particularly when powered with conventional jet fuel-could eventually lead to a new generation of long-range bombers, fast-reaction cruise missiles, and a space launch system that could cut the cost of propelling astronauts and payloads into space to one-hundredth of today's prices.
That is, of course, assuming that the Pratt & Whitney engineers who built the thing can light it-and keep it lit.
The hypersonic (at least five times the speed of sound) velocities that the engine is striving for have until now only been feasible with single-use hydrogen- or hydrocarbon-fueled ramjet engines that in most cases would be destroyed by the end of the flight, making them suitable for missiles but not much else. Scramjet test engines -which improve upon ramjet performance and reliability but are much harder to engineer-have been around for decades, but their success rate has been dismal, and they have usually burned dangerous and unwieldy hydrogen for fuel. (Ramjets slow air traveling through them to subsonic speeds, while scramjets keep airflow above supersonic speeds-hence, the difficulty keeping them lit.) But this new engine, being tested at the cutting-edge facilities of aeronautical engineering firm GASL, runs on JP-7, a significantly more manageable kerosene-like jet fuel, and it has a unique cooling system that is key to its performance under hypersonic conditions. HyTech is slowly edging toward success, with several tests over the summer that have come close to a previously unattainable milestone: actually starting and sustaining combustion amid supersonic airflow.
Simply testing for that achievement is almost as hard as accomplishing it. Producing Mach 8 airflow through a 6-foot-diameter test chamber like the one at GASL takes a lot of energy-its facility is a labyrinth of tanks, ducts, and valves all designed to spit out a blast of air at incomprehensible speeds for up to a minute at a time.
Why don't you use an electrically heated smoldering hot metal rod or a chemical laser or so to ignite the fuel mixture as it rushes true the combustion chamber!
This may offer great results for a continua s ignition of a continua s flow of fuel!
You could use a pulsating torch that rotates really fast to spread the flame and that's continua sly lit with a highly flammable fuel mixture and that's shielded from the incoming airflow, while some air is diverted true it!
Note: The pulsating effect of the ignition source should be synchronized with the pulsating effect of the fuel injection system.
ARUBA (Dutch Caribbean)