Dear President Obama,
What a relief, many of us thought this morning. We re-elected a president who supports public funding for research (truthfully, public funding for anything). We re-elected a president who acknowledges the reality of climate change (at least you did in your victory speech if not during the campaign). We re-elected a president who so eloquently describes occupations like doctors, scientists and engineers as the definition of American aspiration.
Still, we have some things to discuss. During the next four years, you will have a monumental opportunity to change how this country lives: How we produce electricity, get around, communicate, share and protect our ideas, explore new places, and tend to this planet. We have some suggestions.
You can use the bully pulpit to change our tax code, like you said last night, but also our patent laws. You can ensure all Americans have access to high-speed communications--in rural areas and in cities--and that we can do what we want with it, no matter our service provider. You can do something about the way we consume fossil fuels, not only to free us from foreign oil but to stanch the flow of carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere.
Maybe most importantly, you can remind the public to honor the intellectual courage and curiosity of our heritage. You can fund basic science research and exploration, on this planet and on others. You should not let the rantings of a vocal minority dictate the terms of our conversation on medical research, climate change and science education. Mr. President, you can be the president of the future we all seek, if you are as bold in your actions as you are in your words. Following are some of our suggestions.
The writers and editors of Popular Science
The utter lack of discussion about climate change was a disappointment throughout the campaign. Debates and rallies came and went without a mention of rising temperatures or greenhouse gas emissions--until Hurricane Sandy, when the impact of a changing global climate came home in force. In your victory speech, you said we don't want our children to live in an America that is "threatened by the destructive power of a warming planet." We're heartened that you're finally acknowledging this reality, but you must confront it. You can set ambitious goals for reducing carbon emissions, as this country already promised to do by 2020, and you can invest more federal funds in alternative energies. But first, ring the klaxons, repeatedly, that this is real and happening now.
Rebecca Boyle, contributing writer
Another suggestion: Revive the discussion about cap and trade. Putting a price on carbon pollution is a matter of extreme urgency. To have any hope of avoiding the worst impacts of climate change we must immediately begin reducing our use of fossil fuels. Over the past four years, your administration has provided unprecedented support for clean energy and automotive fuel efficiency. But it's not enough. Until polluters are forced to pay a fair price on carbon emissions, it will be difficult if not impossible for a clean energy economy to take hold. I urge you to push for a cap-and-trade legislation in your second term.
Seth Fletcher, senior editor
From a technology perspective, unmanned aircraft--especially the self-piloted kind--are indisputably awesome. Moreover, they have a lot to give us. From military intelligence and surveillance aircraft to the Global Hawks that fly science missions through hurricanes, our drones have the potential to make life better. That potential will soar in 2015, when the Federal Aviation Administration is expected to open up America's civilian airspace to unmanned systems.
Unmanned aircraft are going to be a huge part of the future of aviation, but with great technology comes great ethical responsibility. We want to see this technology grow and proliferate. We want to see investment in robotics research, and we want to see that investment translate into a safer, more efficient way of living. What we don't want to see is the human factor so removed from warfare that it becomes easier to tackle problems with a drone strike rather than with statesmanship, diplomacy, and the art of compromise.
We want more drones, but we want fewer shadow wars. Let's develop a legal, ethical framework for ensuring that the precedents you set in your second term put us on a path for responsible use of unmanned systems technology. The rest of the world isn't terribly far behind the U.S. in drone capabilities, and others are going to look at the example you set for how best to deploy it.
Clay Dillow, contributing writer
The Internet may be huge, but it still needs protection. The ability to do what we wish with our connections--circumvent traditional TV and phone service, for instance--is under attack. It's not Verizon or Comcast's Internet, it's our Internet. Let's keep it that way. Body block anything that tries to flip net neutrality, and keep the service providers and their despicable tiered-based-on-content pay plans at bay. This isn't just about preserving our right to cable-cut: it's about protecting small businesses in the new millenium. If the IP overlords have their way, they could have any and every startup and small competitor in a choke-hold. Don't let that happen.
Corinne Iozzio, senior associate editor
Please keep U.S. science strong. Funding for basic research has dropped almost 10 percent in the past nine years, and with the Budget Control Act set to take effect in January, it will fall even more sharply in the next five. If discretionary spending cuts come to pass, please try to shield science, which is hurting already. Facilities like the Large Hadron Collider and the ITER fusion reactor are being built overseas--taking their grant money abroad, too--and we need labs and research jobs in the U.S. I want kids like Taylor Wilson and Easton LaChappelle to be able to work here as scientists someday.
Katie Peek, Ph.D., information graphics designer (and an astrophysicist)
Please give our space agency a true sense of purpose. As the Mars rover Curiosity continues to prove, Americans still deeply love our space program and are amazed by what it can do. People of all ages are inspired by our countrymen's ability to build rockets and robots powerful enough to explore other worlds. NASA is capable of doing great things, but it needs a clear mission--and in your first term, you were unclear at best. Choose to go to Mars, not because it is easy or inexpensive, but because it is hard, and will require immense investment from the public and private sectors. Choose to fund ambitious space telescopes and the research labs that will use them to understand our place in the universe. Or choose to spend more national time and treasure understanding our own planet from the unique vantage point of space. Whatever you do, please be clear.
The U.S. patent system now discourages the innovators it's supposed to protect. Patent issuing has skyrocketed from about 1 million a century to 1 million every four years. The reason for that is simple: The world is eager for scientific and medical research, software and electronics development, and other layer-cakes of ideas. But too many of the recent patents cover broad, poorly scoped ideas, drowning innovation in lawsuits. Companies that own hundreds or thousands of patents they might never use spend their time taking legitimate startups to court. Life-saving drugs and medical tools are kept artificially costly—out of reach of people who need them the most. And instead of building healthy competition that benefits consumers, big businesses engage in patent-buying arms races and billion-dollar legal battles over the mere idea, for example, of fingers touching smartphone screens.
Today's patent system is bad for science, bad for the economy, and bad for innovation. The SHIELD Act is a good start but falls short. You should arrange a panel of researchers with extensive backgrounds on the costs and benefits of the U.S. patent system, then charge them with developing recommendations to end rampant patent trolling, the granting of patents over broad or obvious ideas, and out-of-scope court judgments. Should you have the chance to pick a new Supreme Court justice, consider judges whose stances enforce legal interpretations of patents that benefit the nation as a whole.
Dave Mosher, projects editor
The administration has already made great strides trying to get Americans to eat right and exercise. But one basic health need still isn't getting the attention it deserves: sleep. According to the CDC, approximately 60 million Americans are not sleeping long enough or well enough. This sleep debt leads to some fairly predictable consequences (driving accidents, less work productivity, and more colds and flu). There's also mounting evidence that sleep is intertwined with health problems in some surprising ways. Several studies released this spring demonstrated that people with sleep apnea are more likely to get cancer. Others have found that decreasing a person's sleep on just a few nights can have an immediate impact on his body's metabolism and ability to process sugars. It might not just be that obesity is causing sleep problems, but poor sleep may be increasing obesity, as well.
Susannah Locke, associate editor
Yea, I am skeptical about it. It could be a plant. They need to find a whole lot other Sumerian artifacts in Puma Punku I think and they haven't yet....
Dear Scientific Community! You won't have to put up with that annoying Christian Faith much longer. Soon the phrase One Nation Under God will be replaced with one world under allah. From then on you can deal with a faith that does not tolerate non believers. It will be their way or off with your heads. Think about it!
Quit trolling, just because you're guy lost or you're bored doesn't mean you have to act like a douchebag.
I agree that they should finance a massive excavation of the entire site, but unfortunately it's unlikely to happen given the logistics involved and the fact that several archaeological sites around the world including some pretty extensive Mayan ruins have gone largely unmapped for centuries.
I'm a tool??? psh, yall are the ones talking aliens. And for climate change causing the latest hurricane, a little quick research shows the northeast had several way bigger hurricanes back in the 30's and 40's, I guess I didn't realize global warming was so bad. I wish we had an island for all the global warming morons to go stand on and protect so the rest of us can get something done. aliens and global warming... good greif. we can either spend a trillion dollars trying to stop something that nobody can prove exists, or we can put the money towards something useful.
@kungfujustice. Sounds to me your the douchebag troll. The truth is like a good bar of soap, it allways brings out the most undesireable scum the earth can through at us.
No one can prove it exists? Really? No one at all? Not the millions of scientists around the world that say it is a fact not a theory, not the carbon record in the Arctic ice, not the fact that both summer and winter weather is far more extreme across the board everywhere in the world for the past 3 decades than it has been since humanity began thoroughly recording weather patterns over three centuries ago, none of that proves anything?
And yes, to answer your question, you are a tool, but apparently you're also a f*cking moron as well.
kungfujustice, you are a waste of time talking to. I've got better things to do.
kungfujustice definately has a chip on his shoulder. I'll be willing to bet he belives in black holes to. Something that has never been seen yet he has faith it exists. Sound familiar christians?
About Obama: Whatever happened to winning graciously?
About beliefs:And not everyone who believes that climate change is a natural phenomena, also then must believe in creationism or that they are republican conservatives. The hypocracy is astounding around here.
About climate change: Hurricane sandy wasnt even a hurricane when it made landfall... it was a post-tropical cyclone... meaning that it was a tropical storm that left the tropics... the reason it was so destructive is because it combined with several other weather systems to create a "super storm" Not a huge hurricane. It was bound to happen sometime! But where are all the cat 4 and cat 5 hurricanes that were suppose to be the norm cuz of global warming?... that suddenly has been renamed climate change due to the fact that no one knows what the hell it is. Yeah theres climate change goin on... but I dont know whats causing it.... could be all the CO2 in the air(something that has happened before naturally in the past, tho not now) or it could be many other things...Untill someone proves it or untill we really start seeing some real extraordinary storms and weather events then I dont know what to tell ya.... worry if you must. But i'd listen to the scientist who said that climate change had nothing to do with sandy ... cuz sandy was not a large or uncommon hurricane ... it was just at the wrong place at the wrong time. Of course, many people claim it was due to climate change but they are not scientists.
About the know it alls: Ok so now I'm gonna be called a creationist looney conservative sciencephobe cuz i had an opinion on climate change... I guess I'm a fucking moron too. This place is getting harder and harder to post opinions on without getting demonized by the "ones who know best". I mean come on people.... lets get civilized. Stop the name calling and the ridiculing.... this is suppose to be a civil science magazine where people can state their views is it not? I guess i will just keep my opinions to myself after this. You guys know it all anyways. Why keep reading? JUst lock yourselves away and be content that you have nothing more to learn. Its a shame what society has become.
About me: I guess all i can do is explain that I follow and believe many mainstream science facts and or theories but i know the difference between the two. And when it comes to theories my opinion is as valid as anyone elses. Now i will stop posting on this site because its become a real turn off for me. I leave it to all of you who know best. Have fun.
About time: I'm outta here.... peace.
Today's magic is tomorrow's technology.
The debate about whether or not global warming is real or not is over, it's real, every scientist in the world agrees, it's real, so you can either deal with reality or reality is going to beat your f*cking head in with a tree branch, probably with one tossed through your window by the next hurricane.
The debate now needs to be about possible solutions, of which there are many to choose from, so by all means get at it, weigh in, and help decide which direction this country needs to take to reduce our impact on the environment.
But quit pretending the discussion on the validity of global warming is ongoing, it's over, and its been over for long god damn time.
Oi! This argument is absolutely ridiculous. I wish we could all put our differences aside as Republicans and Democrats and actually get somewhere for once. Sheesh.
I'm with you kungfu. It's truly amazing there are still people who believe climate change does not occur and that humans are not increasing it. This is not an "if" or a "maybe". This is the culmination of years of intense research. Yes, it is still a "theory", but it is a scientific theory, not a layman theory. I think that's probably the crux of the problem here. The ignorant don't understand that a scientific theory is not just a guess, and they think it's like when they have a theory. A scientific theory is based on facts and testable data. Relativity is a theory. Evolution is a theory. These theories have all been proven time and again. Yes, climate change is a natural process. Yes we are accelerating it. This has all been extremely well documented for quite a while, so why still all the ignorance?
Yes GGena, it is getting harder and harder to post here, but it's not like you think. The last couple of years this site has been inundated with the extremely ignorant, blatant liars, and trolls. If an article comes out about something like how a new alloy was created, we'll have three comments about how Obama is a socialist or the Democrats created the new alloy to try and poison our steel supply. You can't have a single article about the history of science without some nut creationist telling us the world is 6,000 years old and Jesus rode dinosaurs. You have morons like muddybottom who don't even know that we have seen black holes. I think they barely even read the articles, as their reading levels aren't really that high, and just see the title and think, "hey, this is something I can troll on". I implore them to go back to reading Seventeen Magazine or Diary of a Wimpy Kid or any other literature that is more geared to their mentality, and leave science to people who actually understand it. If you're here to honestly learn, then keep your moronic beliefs to yourself. You learn more by listening than speaking, and continually bashing proven science only makes you look as stupid as you are.
And the reason why so many of us who actually are in the scientific community speak often of aliens, is that with the potential for billions upon billions of planets out there, it is highly probably there is intelligent life on at least one of them. But this is not a scientific theory, it is simply an educated guess, what most of the trolls believe evolution and climate change is.
What IS fact is that our earliest civilization spoke often of "children of the stars" and "those from above". They were not talking about gods, but physical beings that ate, slept, and had sex. What also is a fact is that this early civilization created the zodiac, even though many of the constellations were never even visible from their location. They knew all about the planets thousands of years before scientists did. What also is FACT is that almost all the world's major religions are based on these Sumerian writings, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. That knowledge is suppressed for most of the religious community, but by doing minimal research you will see the same stories you've heard in church, only the names are different, there were many "gods", and they weren't actually gods at all. The story of Utnapishtim is almost a carbon-copy of the story of Noah, only there were many aliens, not just "god", and it was Enki who decided to try and save man, while the others on the council known as the "Elohim" wanted to let man be destroyed. Enki morphed into "Ea", and lived in "Ea-den". Later his name morphed into Yam, then YHVH, then Yahweh, the Jehovah. He was always a favorite of humanity, and became the patron of the city of Ur, where Abram/Abraham was from. This, like climate change and evolution are based on solid evidence that everyone has access to, but the religious will never acknowledge their myths were not original, and their "god" was actually a living, breathing being. Any facts that contradict a "belief" are ridiculed or ignored by the types of people who troll this site. So many can't believe aliens exist, because they think we are the superior race according to god, and the moon landing was a hoax, so other planets can't have more advanced technology. As the guy who designed almost all the Apollo Mission exhibits in the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, I can tell you WE DID GO TO THE MOON, but the idea there are aliens out there is still just a guess, albeit an educated one.
At above - sure aliens are an educated guess. Also, anyone immigrating is called an alien - in a sense, I was conceived an alien and born Canadian. Just saying. Truly, true science is sceptical but all my university time so far has reaffirmed my belief in God, however you may want to label him or her. It's a comfortable belief to have, when everything else (money, job security, pensions, economy, politics....) is so volatile. I'm glad the Moon landing happened. I hope we land on Venus some day.
This was just too funny to pass up. I'm not going to ridicule you or make fun... I'm not that way. I just want to point out a couple things. Ya just had to make me post one last time... lmao.
"These theories have all been proven time and again."
If they were proven they would not be called theories. Scientific or not... for example... the theory of relativity is still being put through rigorous testing to this day. It was only recently that i read an article right here on popsci that said something along the lines of, "and if the higgs boson fails to be detected then it puts into serious question the entire theory of quantum machanics." And thats just one of MANY MANY times I have read that einstien's theories are being put to the test.... (and yes i know that the higgs has finally been detected but that doesnt make the theory surrounding it fact yet) its BECAUSE they are still just theories that many scientists are seekin to tweek them ... or change them entirely with theories of their own... such as the unified field theory and string theory or brane theory and they are all competing theories TRYING to explain our universe and how it all works. We are still searching for that consistent theory that combines general relativity and quantum mechanics. Ya know why? cuz the two are inconsistant, they do not work together... and they should... and that tells scientists that there is somethig wrong about the theory which precludes it from being put into the fact column just yet. Even evolution, as likely as it seems may not be how things really are. The earth isnt 6000 years old and fossils do exist and tell a story... but we could be misunderstanding some little bit of something that would make evolution not quite right. Advanced aliens may laff at our theories as we laff at creationism. I believe our scientific theories are evolving every day with new discoveries. A new bit of info gets tacked on and things change.
"You have morons like muddybottom who don't even know that we have seen black holes."
I hope you mean here that we have seen the accretion disk surrounding a black hole. I have not read muddybottoms post but from this single line I'll have to agree that with our current technology we cannot see the actual singularity which is the "black hole", though we can infer its existance by its effects on its surroundings. A black whole is named thus for its property of being an invisible gravitational force. And as far as I know... we cannot see gravity even here on earth, though we can certainly feel its effects.
You see, this is what i mean about ridiculing and "knowing it all".... Sites like these are meant for discussions... not name calling... not the belittling of ones opinions or knowledge or understanding. We all have our preconceptions... I dont claim to be faultless on what i think i know... but i am open to change my mind if someone corrects me. I just wish things were a bit more scientific around here and alot less highschoolish. You seem like a smart guy syfy... and we can all agree that there are theories that are pretty obviously close to the truth and others that are obviously built on superstition and old beliefs based on faith. And then there are facts. And when it comes to science fact we should be sure about it before ridiculing others. If your sure about your facts then dissagree with someone... state your facts... quote sources... But i dont see any value in calling someone ignorant. Misinformed would be my choice.
Ok... you all have a great time... I know i use to on here... not so much no more. Take care.
Today's magic is tomorrow's technology.
to kungfujustice. True the debate is over. But the same tree limb will also bash you head in. And I agree with you that now is the time to find a solution to the polution problem. Let me just say that if it were not for scientists then we would not be facing this problem you say exists. Scientists invent or create ideas that come up with things that make our life better and easier. True? If so then science is responsible for globle warming. If not for science we would not have the technology today for finding and burning coal,oil,gasoline and all the other elements you say causes globle warming. Don't blame the populace for using the very things science came up with to make their life eaiser. Science is the reason the people of America are spoiled.
I love how the rightys try to take the high road and start calling out people for doing what they did. How many times did you say kungfu needed to stop drinking Kool-aid? You accused him of playing drinking games. You praised Mycellium who called Democrats "frighteningly stupid". With that name, you should have assumed it was Mycellium who drinks the "kool-aid". And of course I meant the accretion disk, which only has one possible cause: a black hole.
And once again, you confuse scientific theory with everyday theory. "When it comes to theory, my opinion is as valid as anyone's" you said, or something to the effect. No, it's not. Unless you actually are a scientist, then you don't have a dog in the fight. Scientific theories are not "guesses" that are up for debate by any Tom, Dick, and Harry.
Ignorance was absolutely the right word. This entire debate is about self-imposed ignorance, and people who refuse to educate themselves and instead live by belief. Those of us who are scientists are fed up with all the arm-chair no-nothings who think their belief overrides scientific facts, and is why you see more and more belligerent posts from those of us who actually know things. This is our site, not the "believer's".
@GGenua. Not so much no more? Where is your grammer? Back in high school I suppose. People who live in glass houses should not cast stones.
@syfyguy. Don't look now but your ignorance is showing! Accretion disc which has only one possible cause? Black hole? Idon't care what you call it, it still has'ent been proven and you my dear friend will never prove it in you're life time just as I will never prove there is a God in my life time.The difference is if I'm right about God then I have very little invested. Where will you spend eternity?
Interesting how political articles receive the most comments and are populated by the most trolls. And how come in every single article, some troll has to make a vague connection to religion and start a massive flame war (I'm looking at you, Gizmowiz)? This is a science site, not a "let's start a flame-war because someone mentioned religion" site. Also, syfyguy, the "believer"'s sites are invaded by "scientists" just as much as science sites are invaded by "believers".
I personally hate either group, because they are usually extremely narrow-minded and hypocritical (I'm not saying that all scientists are like that, just some of them). Science is cold hard LOGICAL facts, not flame-war ammunition. I'd prefer it if people calmly stated the facts instead of screaming them at each other. As well, reacting to a clearly superior argument (sufficient evidence, logical inferences, etc) by saying something along the lines of "You're an idiot! I'm obviously right" without giving any proper evidence ticks me off. Science is supposed to involve PEACEFUL, OPEN-MINDED, L-O-G-I-C-A-L collaboration, not a disgusting mess of flame-wars, emotions, and trolls.
I stand corrected. I was gonna argue with you again but i dont see the point. And I think you're very right about some things anyways... case in point: mubbybottoms. The grammer scholar who has no quotation marks around my quote, turns one sentance into two with his comment about my grammer, and then quotes an adage implyng I was against him, when in fact I agreed with him. You're right, he's pure genius. roflmao.
I take offense to the fact that you think I am somehow unfit to post on this site simply cuz of one or two subjects we've touched upon. I have been and always will be an avid, though novice I'll admit, science nut. Since i was a kid I've studied and learned and stargazed and read and dreamed and yeah i watch sci-fi and all about ancient aliens... perhaps in another world we could have been friends.... But... since this is your site... I leave it to your kind.
Now... one last time... I'm out.
Today's magic is tomorrow's technology.
It sad how blind people are, Evolution is a lie that has invaded everything! and Obama might be good at supporting research, but he's terrible with our money!
Wausau Engineering and Global Leadership Academy
Mukuro, I'll tell simply why scientists are tired of this crap from the believers. Imagine if you will, you're a soldier, and you've been sent to guard a group of people. Your job is to protect these people no matter what, and you're extremely good at your job. But the people start throwing rocks at you, cussing at you, and trying to kill you. Do you think you might a bit upset with these people you've risked your life to protect?
This is what it is to be a scientist in this day and age. We bust our asses for the better part of our lives to research the big questions in order to bring humanity a greater understanding of our place in the universe, and to make mankind's life a little easier with all the gadgets and doodads people can't seem to live without. We certainly don't do it for money or fame! Instead of giving us the proper gratitude and respect we deserve, we are spit on and ridiculed. We're told the culmination of our life's work is merely "kool-aid" induced fantasy and a complete waste of time. Never mind that all those gadgets and doodads are direct results from the science they call imaginary. The very same people we are trying to help treat us like raving crackpots.
Ugh..yes black holes exist. This was proven long before we could actually see them, and the visual proof is simply confirmation of what we already knew. Of course with Heisenberg's Principle, we can never be 100% sure about anything, but 99.9999999% is pretty damn close. If you're not a scientist, and simply a student of science, then yes, you belong here. But if you're going to deny what thousands of people spend their lives studying just because you don't believe it, then you have no place anywhere near science. I'll grant you're not near as bad as the trolls like muddybottom, and seem yourself intelligent, but you have to let go of those beliefs that contradict what 90% of scientists say if you're ever going to truly learn anything.
It's funny how a difference in opinion is causing all this nonsense. I prefer calm neutrality, so syfyguy, what I believe probably doesn't matter to you or anyone else on this site. We are here to learn and beliefs are not particularly relevant to the current situation, so I'll just keep mine private. For 14costurn: I can't tell whether you're trolling and making fun of religion, or you're being serious. Either way, your comment annoys me.
This debate is not about a difference of opinion. It is about beliefs, lies, and science. You yourself Mukuro helped propagate the lies that started all this. Bagpipes started out by bashing PopSci, then kungfu gave an inappropriate response to Bagpipes idiocy, then Bagpipes tried to come back by stating a couple of conspiranoia lies. The creationists love that Schweitzer, who is a christian, claims she found soft tissue in dino fossils. But the reality is that every other scientist says it's impossible, and mysteriously no one has ever been able to duplicate her work. Then Bagpipes tried that media-spun lie about the Encode project. There report found only 20% of DNA is functional, but 80% makes better headlines. This is why Popsci does not report on this nonsense. But you backed bagpipes. Then GGenua started in with the abusive "high-school" kool-aid rant, and the rest is history. Do you folks honestly believe you can spout lies and vitriol on a SCIENCE site and not have those of intelligence call you out?
And before you troll in muddybottom, I meant "their", not "there". I'm sorry but I never was an english star. That's my wife's realm of expertise.
I can't get over this whole belief that "my opinion is just as valid as decades of science". It seems to be the common thread for all the abusive hatemongers who haunt this site. If you go to your doctor, and he says you have pneumonia, do you laugh in his face and say, "I reject your years of schooling and experience! I've just got a simple cold!" It's appalling the way these folks constantly bash the PopSci writers, and it's just down right insulting the way they think they know as much as those whose job it is to build upon centuries of cumulative knowledge. Get a real hobby people!
...wow, I went to work 5 hours ago and this conversation took kind of an interesting turn.
A few things.
I think I speak for everyone when I say you are brutally and viciously raping the king's english every single time you have taken to the keyboard thus far, I'm sorry but that's just a f*cking fact. Example: Everything you have written.
Also a black hole is called a black hole because it is a gravitational singularity so powerful that not even light itself can escape it, also it's not a hole, it's actually a super dense sphere.
You are trolling, I know it, you know it, your mother and your sister know it, so just f*cking stop
Hey-hey-hey, what about MY money?! Howzabouta little taste of that vig over my way, huh? I can use a bit of that "tax code change" in MY pocket, too! Don't forget da Chimp!
10 dire consequences of Obama’s re-election victory
1) Huge expansion of TSA and the surveillance state
2) Expansion of secret arrests of American citizens
3) Acceleration of national debt blowout and endless fiat currency creation
4) Rapid expansion of GMOs and USDA collusion
5) Increasingly dictatorial government health care
6) Immediate surge in sales of guns and ammo
7) Accelerated erosion of the Bill of Rights and civil liberties
8) Continued destruction and looting of the U.S. economy
9) A “giant sucking sound” of employers leaving America
10) Stepped-up attacks on veterans and preppers