And check out PopSci's complete coverage of the future of the environment at popsci.com/futurecity.
just a note..... all the "pollution" in that photo is steam, which is made up of H2O. And is not harmful to the environment.
They just don't have the infrastructure to generate power by any other means at this time.
Coal provides about 69% of India’s electric needs. India is not in the nuclear non proliferation treaty and is thus hampered in its efforts to develop a civil nuclear power program because it does not receive fuel or technical assistance from outside countries. Nevertheless, their civil nuclear power program, with 17 reactors in operation and 6 under construction, is progressing and hopes to provide 25% of its electrical demand by nuclear power. The problem with India and no doubt China is that electrical demand is increasing at a dramatic rate. India generated 534 billion kilowatt hours in 2002, almost twice the output of 1990. The World Nuclear Association expects 6.3% annual growth in India with a continued demand for nuclear power due in part to its shortage of fossil fuels. India doesn’t have a lot of Uranium, but plenty of Thorium.
Coal provides 80% of mainland China’s electric needs and hydro provides another 18%. China has 11 reactors in operation mostly along the east coast, 6 under construction, and several more planned. They also have two massive hydro projects planned. China is heavily reliant on imported Uranium for its civil nuclear program. 75% of all power consumed in China goes towards industry. France, United States of America, Canada, and Russia have all contributed technology to China’s civil nuclear program.
Rapid growth in both countries is causing power shortages and the reliance on coal as a fuel has lead to massive air pollution. The demand for power will only increase as the standard of living in both countries improves
Everyone knows that places like China and India who are rapidly industrializing are going to resort to dirty fuels such as coal. They are not the problem. The problem is countries like America that refuse to play their role as leader and will not lift a finger to help the environment because the poor guys next door finally started using the same technologies they perfected over a 100 years ago.
How about developing new energy producing technologies for your own country and then selling them to the rest of the world?
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