After Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941, the first few months of World War II were
grim. The U.S. Pacific fleet was crippled, and the United States lost dozens
more warships in a series of naval setbacks. The Japanese took Guam and
overan the Phillippines, though Gen. Douglas MacArthur promised to return. It
would be three long years before MacArthur would in fact return in October of
1944, wading ashore at Leyte as a prelude to liberating the Phillipines.
In mid-1942, some 500 magazines, including Popular Science, joined together