Artificial blood may become a common reality, thanks to the first successful transfusion of lab-grown blood into a human. Luc Douay, of Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris, extracted hematopoietic stem cells from a volunteer's bone marrow, and encouraged these cells to grow into red blood cells with a cocktail of growth factors. Douay's team labeled these cultured cells for tracing, and injected 10 billion of them (equalling 2 milliliters of blood) back into the marrow donor's body.
Bone marrow has long been thought to have a role in repairing damaged skin, and now UK and Japanese researchers think they’ve found the key to summoning stem cells from bone marrow to the site of damaged skin: a signal known as HMGB1. By tapping this signaling mechanism, researchers could develop new treatments for skin injuries like severe burns.
Japanese authorities are considering harvesting bone marrow from workers at the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant, hoping an infusion of their own healthy cells could save their lives if they’re exposed to dangerous radiation levels.
A powerful NASA-developed grow lamp designed for the space shuttle can ease a debilitating side effect of cancer treatment, according to a new study. That’s directly from the lamp itself, not because it is used to grow medicinal plants. The treatment is under review by the Food and Drug Administration.
Feeling a bit obsessive-compulsive? New research suggests maybe it's not all in your head after all. More likely, researchers say, it's in your bones. A Nobel laureate at the University of Utah claims he has cured an OCD-like behavior in mice by giving them bone marrow transplants.