Microsoft's Photosynth software will help scan and catalog 3-D models of specimens for analysis over the Web, anywhere
Digitizing the Tree of Life: Chip Clark/National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution
Over the past 20 years, Richard Pyle figures he’s discovered 100 new species of fish. But he’s identified only one fifth of them. Pyle, an ichthyologist at Bishop Museum in Hawaii, isn’t a slacker—he spent hundreds of hours tracking down those fish. It’s just that proving that a new species is unique can be as tough as finding it in the first place.